Dog Wound Care
In general terms the care of dog wounds, you must know that big wounds are more serious than small ones and in as, generally, they present intensive hemorrhage and there is more injury to the organs or tissue around the wound and more shock. Nevertheless, sometimes small wounds are more dangerous than the ones because they infect easier. We can classify wounds in five general types: abrasions, incisions, lacerations, punctures and wounds caused by crushing.
Important Wound Care and Treatment Details: there are three basic rules to follow in the treatment of recent wounds: restrain the bleeding, treat the animal as if he were in shock and prevent infection. In order to stop the hemorrhage, see the section I wrote on hemorrhages. Infections can appear in almost any wound, especially in wounds that do not believe it freely, wounds that keep injured tissue inside or the skin covers the wound again and doesn't let the air in. In minor injuries, is convenient to immediately wash the injured area with clean water and soap; dry it and place a non-irritating antiseptic. Apply a bandage if it's necessary. Bigger wounds need to be treated only by the vet. You should wash or claimed a big loan and much less apply any antiseptic. You must only cover the wound with a sterile cloth and tighten it with a bandage. Obviously, you must urgently take the animal to the vet. And remember also that punctured wounds are dangerous and can lead to "tetanus". There are also other wounds. Many wounds in the eyes include foreign bodies that can be dust, the fragments of different objects, eyelashes, trash, little stones or even a tree bark, grass, etc. If the object is superficial, carefully try to remove it with the tip of a clean hanky. Any clumsy move can cause more damage to the eye. For that, you must not use any strange object. Do not try to extract a splinter that has penetrated deep into the eye. In case you find the foreign body very encrusted inside the eye, or you can see it at first sight, don't try to do anything, take him immediately to the vet. You can cover his eye with a cloth, but don't press on it as it can cause the object to get in deeper. When practicing the first attention of the wounded animal and he must be transferred to the veterinarian office, you must immobilize the injured his own a wave of firm that niche, or, using ferules (see fractures). The movement of the injured tissue can cause a relapse of the hemorrhage. If you have to move on from where you are and you did not have anything harder to leave him on, you can use your or a blanket, sliding his softly under the body of the dog so that you can drag him on it. You must drag him long wise and not sideways. Tried not to art the body of the animal when raising the extreme of the blanket. You must drag him at floor level
Abrasions: They are produced by constant mechanical rubbing of the skin or mucous membranes, for example rope scrapes, scratches, etc. They usually get infected very easily due to the entry of terms and foreign bodies contaminating the tissues.
Incisions: These are wounds produced by sharp elements, e.g. pieces of glass, knives, etc. There is abundant bleeding and due to the fact that the blood vessels are completely cut open, hardly affecting neighboring tissue, they are less prone to getting infected, also because the blood that leaves the body helps eliminate some of the pathogenic microorganisms.
Lacerations: These are wounds caused by tearing, with irregular margins and masses of broken tissue underneath. Lacerations frequently get contaminated with dirt and other material that entered the tissue and frequently get infected.
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