Bobtail Breed Origins and Caracteristics

The bobtail or an old English shepherd dog is one of the most ancient breeds of sheepdogs. Its origins are not known precisely. According to numerous experts, the Ovtcharka from the south of Russia should be considered among its ancestors as well as the Brie shepherd. The bobtail is a medium-height dog, but due to its abundant long hair it looks sturdy. It is generally born without a tail and when it is indeed born with one, it is cut short. Its barking is characteristic and its sound is hollow and ripped. Its temperament is quiet, vigilant without being a coward. It is intelligent and it likes children.

The Russian Ovtcharka, which has contributed to the bobtail birth, is nowadays disseminated in Crimea and the south of Ukraine, but its origin must be found in Spain, in the province of Asturias. From here these dogs departed accompanying merino herds that were imported by Russia. They cross-bred with the Tartar dogs and thus the Russian Ovtcharka was born. It is a docile and confident shepherd that was recognized as an autonomous breed in 1952 by the FCI.

The Cumberland can be easily confused with a bobtail but this one is bigger and, its hair is denser and it has a long and disheveled.

Bobtail. Size: male 55 cm, female 51 cm. Weight: 25-30 kg. Colors: all the nuisances of gray, straw-color, bluish gray (1), blackbird with or without patches.

Russian Ovtcharka. Size: 62-65 cm. Weight: 35-40 kg. The male has to be clearly differentiated from the female. Color: white (2), white with a small yellow patch, ash gray with small or big patches, with an internal layer of gray hair that gives the fur a bluish aspect.

Cumberland. Size: taller than 60 cm. Weight: 35-40 kg. Colors: black with a white star on the forehead, a white patch on the chest, white feet and white hair on the tip of the tail.

The long and dense hair of all the aforementioned breeds tends to get tangled, especially behind the ears and the neck on the rear legs and the anal region. These dogs have to be groomed frequently at least once a day.

Dog Breeds Descriptions by Breed Neapolitan Mastiff Tibetan Mastiff Mastiff German Shepherd Groendaell or Belgian Shepherd Collie Shetland Shepherd, Shetland or Sheltie Bobtail Pembroke Welsh Corgi Briard or Brie shepherd Pumi Affenpinscher or Monkey Pinscher Doberman Miniature Pinscher Schnauzer Boxer Bulldog Bullmastiff German Mastiff or Great Dane Bordeaux Mastiff Mastiff or English Mastiff Neapolitan Mastiff Rottweiler Hovawart Leonberger Pyrenean Mastiff Newfoundland Saint Bernard Great Swiss Mountain Dog Airedale Terrier Bedlington Border Terrier Fox Terrier Irish Terrier Jagdterrier or German Terrier Lakeland Terrier Manchester Terrier Welsh Terrier Dandie Dinmont Terrier Norwich Terrier Scottish Terrier Sealyham Terrier Skye Terrier West Highland White Terrier Boston Terrier Bull Terrier Yorkshire Terrier Kerry Blue Terrier Teckel Siberian Husky Alaskan Malamute Spitz Chow-Chow Basenji St. Hubert Hound or Bloodhound Foxhound Beagle Basset Hound Bavarian Red Dog German Short-Haired Pointer Stichelhaar, Pudelpointer and Spinone Weimar Pointer Hungarian Pointer or Viszla Large Munsterlander Brittany Spaniel Pointer English Setter Gordon Setter Labrador Retriever Golden Retriever Wachtelhund American Cocker Rhodesian Ridgeback Cocker Clumber Spaniel Springer Spaniel Irish Water Spaniel Maltese Caniche or Poodle Belgian Griffon Hairless Dogs Lhassa Apso Shih Tsu Chihuahua Dalmatian King Charles Knight King Charles Spaniel Chin or Japanese Spaniel The Pekinese Spaniel French Bulldog Pug Barzoï Whippet