Bouvier

Description:
The Bouvier Bernois is a noticeably aristocratic looking dog, it is a work dog and its height is about sixty-four to seventy centimeters in males and around fifty-eight to sixty six centimeters in females. The coat of this dog is thick and moderately long, slightly wavy or straight. The hair of this dog should not get cut. The head is flat on the top and wide with a well-defined stop but not exaggeratedly. Its ears are medium sized and are inserted on the top and form into a triangular shape with rounded tips. This dog has a dry mouth and does not have big lips. The superior line of this dog is leveled, its chest is deep and the rib cage is big, the torso is wide and firm. The tail is covered in hair and slightly curls at a moderate level but it should not be too curled. It holds its shoulders moderately back but never loosely. The front legs should stand firm under its shoulders. The ankles are low and straight. They come in different colors but the their base color is black with symmetrical white or clear colored spots.

Ideal owner:
The Bouvier Bernois is a very well behaved dog and is not as extroverted as a lot of people believe. A lot of people compare it to the Golden Retriever as far as its temperament is concerned but it was not bred to be as affectionate as the Golden Retriever is with people. It is affectionate with the people it knows but it is also independent and is generally pretty reserved with strangers. It likes being outdoors in the fresh air and loves the attention from children. It is a very loyal dog and can enjoy a very healthy life.

Growth:
A newborn Bouvier Bernois weighs around 500 to 750 grams and the size of the puppy obviously depends on the size of the litter. The smaller ones usually grow to similar size of their older brothers. A good dog breeder will not allow it to leave its mother until it has turned at least eight weeks and this is also when you will be able to notice what the character of the dog is actually like. Their metabolism and growth is very quick and they require a special diet, both as a puppy and as a young dog. Although there are different types of special diets for these dogs, they need to have a low protein one and get vitamin and mineral supplements. This type of diet is very important to avoid bone problems. Normally puppies need to eat four times a day and once they have grown it can be reduced to three times a day. Usually articulation problems can be seen when they are between four and eight months of age.

General health:
The Bouvier Bernois is a big, lovable and determined dog. It is not very demanding as far as exercise goes but it is convenient to take it out on long walks etc. the amount of care they require isn't too excessive either although it will be necessary to brush its coat to keep its hair clean and free of knots. Brushing its coat gets rid of the dead hair that accumulates during when it sheds. Some of the problems that can arise in this breed are hip dysphasia and progressive retina atrophy. The Bouvier Bernois is the first dog to have had elbow dysphasia, which is an abnormality that affects many breeds. Breeders have also detected umbilical hernias although there are few occasions when this becomes a serious problem. Make sure to choose one that is healthy and has had all the necessary check ups. The most important factor to keeping this dog healthy is to provide it with a healthy diet. Avoid overfeeding, especially proteins and feed it smaller portions throughout the day as this will help avoid stomach problems. Avoid an excess of exercise until it has developed completely.

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