Bulldog Breed Origins and Caracteristics

Since the 13th century, the fighting of dogs against bulls (the bull-baiting) was appreciated in England. Its height was during the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries. The dogs that got to bite the bull snout and kept biting while the bull was fighting were considered winners. For this type of fighting, smaller dogs were developed from the mastiff; these smaller dogs had a big jaw, a very powerful lower jaw and a snout taken to the back, which facilitated the dog's breathing and the dog hooked strongly to the bull mouth. We know the descriptions of these dogs from 1631, which are very precisely adjusted to the current standard characteristics. The current type is only a bit smaller and stronger than the dogs from the past.

In 1835, all the animal fighting were forbidden by the law and any infraction was punished with strong fines. The fighting dogs were gradually forgotten. The bulldog is the only one that survives, thanks to some British people with a strong sense of business. While they waited that the prohibition was cancelled, they continued raising this animal; though the systematic breeding would not start until 1846. After the creation of the Bulldog Club Incorporated in 1875, the breed received a new boost. The aggressiveness and the viciousness that characterized its origin were systematically eluded in the later selection; that is why the bulldog nowadays is a friendly dog with good character and friendly with all the members of the family and domestic animals. It does not let to be provoked easily but if that is the case, it would end up as a winner. The bulldog rarely barks and it does not need to exercise. Therefore it is a good pet dog. The English are very proud of this breed and think that is the incarnation of its national character.

Size: 40 cm. Weight: male 24-30 kg, female 22-26 kg. All the colors are authorized except the black, black and tan, white and black. The dogs of one color have a shadowed mask. The eyes should be as dark as possible; when the dog looks up front, any white zone should be seen. The bulldog (1) has a big body, short and curved back (2), muscled neck up to the chin and the rear limbs are a bit longer. That is why its haunches are higher than the scruff of the neck. The ear has also a typical form (3).

Its ear is called rose-shaped because it is small, fine with internal folds taken to the back, in such a way that the internal part of the outer ear could be visible.

The bulldog has a heavy and difficult special way of walking: it gives small steps on the tip of its toes. The rear limbs move almost dragging on the floor.

Dog Breeds Descriptions by Breed Neapolitan Mastiff Tibetan Mastiff Mastiff German Shepherd Groendaell or Belgian Shepherd Collie Shetland Shepherd, Shetland or Sheltie Bobtail Pembroke Welsh Corgi Briard or Brie shepherd Pumi Affenpinscher or Monkey Pinscher Doberman Miniature Pinscher Schnauzer Boxer Bulldog Bullmastiff German Mastiff or Great Dane Bordeaux Mastiff Mastiff or English Mastiff Neapolitan Mastiff Rottweiler Hovawart Leonberger Pyrenean Mastiff Newfoundland Saint Bernard Great Swiss Mountain Dog Airedale Terrier Bedlington Border Terrier Fox Terrier Irish Terrier Jagdterrier or German Terrier Lakeland Terrier Manchester Terrier Welsh Terrier Dandie Dinmont Terrier Norwich Terrier Scottish Terrier Sealyham Terrier Skye Terrier West Highland White Terrier Boston Terrier Bull Terrier Yorkshire Terrier Kerry Blue Terrier Teckel Siberian Husky Alaskan Malamute Spitz Chow-Chow Basenji St. Hubert Hound or Bloodhound Foxhound Beagle Basset Hound Bavarian Red Dog German Short-Haired Pointer Stichelhaar, Pudelpointer and Spinone Weimar Pointer Hungarian Pointer or Viszla Large Munsterlander Brittany Spaniel Pointer English Setter Gordon Setter Labrador Retriever Golden Retriever Wachtelhund American Cocker Rhodesian Ridgeback Cocker Clumber Spaniel Springer Spaniel Irish Water Spaniel Maltese Caniche or Poodle Belgian Griffon Hairless Dogs Lhassa Apso Shih Tsu Chihuahua Dalmatian King Charles Knight King Charles Spaniel Chin or Japanese Spaniel The Pekinese Spaniel French Bulldog Pug Barzoï Whippet