Caniche or Poodle Breed Origins and Caracteristics

Although this breed is one of the most ancient, there is not an agreement about the country of origin. The Germans consider that the poodle is what they call: Pudel, as a German breed, and the French as the French breed. The FCI agrees with the French which are responsible for the standard. At first, the poodle was a hunting dog especially used to work in water, as its name says so: old German "Pfudel" means "swampy land" and in French "caniche" comes from "canard", duck.

It is interestingly to point out that the poodle has always been sheared. In his Historia Animalium from 1551, Conrad Gesner said that there are water dogs with the hair cut just like the lions. The poodle hair can form locks or ringlets. The poodles with ringlets have a dense, pretty, curly, thick and uniform hair. The poodles with locks in their hair are very rare. They have abundant hair like cords or chain stitches, of the same length, that must measure at least 20 cm; the longer the better. The hairdressing is laborious and it starts in the fourth month. The poodles are raised by categories of different sizes. In the court of Louis XVI, the miniature poodles existed already.

The poodle is considered as one of the most intelligent dogs. Nowadays, it is not longer used as a hunting dog, but exclusively as a pet dog.

Size: large poodle (1) 45-58 cm; medium poodle (2) 34-45 cm; small poodle 28-35 cm. The dogs which size does not exceed 28 cm belong to the toy poodle group. Weight: large poodle 30 kg; medium 5-7 kg; miniature up to 5 kg. Colors: for all the sizes: brown, gray, apricot (2), and white (1). When they are born, the puppies of silver poodles are black and its hair gets fairer gradually from the sixth week.

Around the sixth month, the hair of the puppies has to be to cut – the hair is cut uniformly, leaving 1-2 cm long hair in all the body. For exhibitions three hair cuts are accepted: "lion-like" (1), modern (2) that was not recognized by the FCI until 1965 with the new standard or "English-like". Other variations (3) are not accepted in the exhibitions.

Dog Breeds Descriptions by Breed Neapolitan Mastiff Tibetan Mastiff Mastiff German Shepherd Groendaell or Belgian Shepherd Collie Shetland Shepherd, Shetland or Sheltie Bobtail Pembroke Welsh Corgi Briard or Brie shepherd Pumi Affenpinscher or Monkey Pinscher Doberman Miniature Pinscher Schnauzer Boxer Bulldog Bullmastiff German Mastiff or Great Dane Bordeaux Mastiff Mastiff or English Mastiff Neapolitan Mastiff Rottweiler Hovawart Leonberger Pyrenean Mastiff Newfoundland Saint Bernard Great Swiss Mountain Dog Airedale Terrier Bedlington Border Terrier Fox Terrier Irish Terrier Jagdterrier or German Terrier Lakeland Terrier Manchester Terrier Welsh Terrier Dandie Dinmont Terrier Norwich Terrier Scottish Terrier Sealyham Terrier Skye Terrier West Highland White Terrier Boston Terrier Bull Terrier Yorkshire Terrier Kerry Blue Terrier Teckel Siberian Husky Alaskan Malamute Spitz Chow-Chow Basenji St. Hubert Hound or Bloodhound Foxhound Beagle Basset Hound Bavarian Red Dog German Short-Haired Pointer Stichelhaar, Pudelpointer and Spinone Weimar Pointer Hungarian Pointer or Viszla Large Munsterlander Brittany Spaniel Pointer English Setter Gordon Setter Labrador Retriever Golden Retriever Wachtelhund American Cocker Rhodesian Ridgeback Cocker Clumber Spaniel Springer Spaniel Irish Water Spaniel Maltese Caniche or Poodle Belgian Griffon Hairless Dogs Lhassa Apso Shih Tsu Chihuahua Dalmatian King Charles Knight King Charles Spaniel Chin or Japanese Spaniel The Pekinese Spaniel French Bulldog Pug Barzoï Whippet