Chin

Description:
The chin is known to be a very beautiful and smart dog as well as a good companion dog. It has a round big head and shiny eyes. Its small size is almost perfect and its ideal weight is between two and three and a half kilograms. The hair of this dog is long, lavish, straight and silky, it shouldn't be wavy though. These dogs are more commonly black and white and should not be any other colors. There is also a red version of this dog that includes all the tones of sand, tabby, lemon, and orange. The spots on these dogs should be spread throughout the whole coat. The body of the chin is compact and square with a wide chest. The tail curves over its back and is covered in an abundant amount of hair. The head of the small chin is big on top of a short somewhat thick neck. The muzzle of this dog is very short with a wide nose. Its ears are small in a v shape and have abundant long hair. The eyes are dark, prominent and separate. This dog has a tendency to stand on its tiptoes; its feet are somewhat long, small and are covered in hair.

Ideal owner:
The Chin is an ideal dog for one person or for a family. It is a very charming companion dog and has a very nice and sweet nature. Some owners have informed that it is very sensitive, pleasing and that it has the memory of an elephant. This dog needs to be taught not trained; it seems to have an opinion of its own, although it does not have as many bad habits as other smaller dogs. Teaching it to become socialized is important so that it develops a liking towards people.

Growth:
Chins weigh around 170 to 225 grams at birth. At around seven or eight weeks it should weight around 750 grams depending on the variety. If you are looking into getting one make sure to pick one that has good bone structure and avoid getting the fragile looking one or one whose eyes are too prominent. Dog breeders also suggest being careful with ocular lesions in these dogs' eyes and suggest finding out if the dog's eyes tear or have discharge. The eyes must look clean and dark. Chins grow at a good rhythm and don't normally have many complications; they reach their adult size around ten months of age, however its coat continues growing. Adolescence is marked by a complete coat change; its plush hair falls and during this time the dog might look kind of "naked". During this phase it will be necessary to brush its coat more than normal. This dog is by nature a very sweet and charming companion and the owner will need to makes sure to develop these qualities with the right type of socialization and care.

General health:
Chins normally enjoy a very long life, usually around thirteen years or more. This dog is an excellent companion inside the house and it has very few health problems and complications. It has been observed that they sometimes have problems in their vertebrae disks. This dog requires daily grooming and brushing in order to keep its skin healthy and clean and so as to avoid skin irritations. The owner will also need to keep the hair between the pads cuts to avoid irritations as well. If the dog has big prominent eyes it will be necessary to be very careful to avoid them from getting scratched or foreign objects from getting in. Keep its ears clean of wax and excess hair. Flat noses can bring about breathing problems is if presents morphologic abnormalities. Avoid exposing this dog to hot weather conditions. Bone fractures are common because of their thin bones, which is why the owner will need to feed it a well balanced diet to prevent them. Examine the dog's teeth as well and avoid inferior prognathism. Teeth that are not correctly aligned must be cleaned everyday.

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