Cocker Breed Origins and Caracteristics

The cocker is one of the most ancient hunting dog breeds. At first the Spaniels were considered as a homogenous group of hunting breed and they were not differentiated except for their weight (less or more than 25 pounds). In the 18th century, the "Springing Spaniel" bigger and "the Cocker Spaniel" were differentiated. The Cocker was created from a small type of dog used especially to hunt woodcocks. This term was used for the first time in 1893. The first standard of the breed established in 1902 have remained practically unaltered until our days. The cockers have great qualities of a hunter it has an excellent sense of smell and likes tracking; it pushes the prey to the hunter barking a lot and it picks the pieces up. It is very docile and easy to dominate, it is affectionate with the people in the house but it is mistrustful and vigilant with strangers. It is not a surprise that it had won the non-hunters' heart. Fashion, which in many countries made the cocker popular and multiply, has not rendered a great service to selective breeding; in fact, people have been more interested in the quantity rather than the quality; the character has been more important than the external aspect.

Despite this, the cocker's innate qualities of a hunter have not been affected. Therefore, in many breeders these dogs are trained exclusively for the hunt. The cocker's silky, long and layered hair must be groomed and combed every day; and it needs to be prepared before the exhibition.

Size: up to 40 cm. Weight: 11-13 kg. The color is very variable, either one-color black, red or gold (2) or various colors, white with patches or with small black, red or orange patches (blue roan, orange roan). The dogs are considered tricolor (1), when besides the already mentioned patches in the aforementioned colors they have some small tan patches on the head and legs. Naturally there is tricolor roan. The black and tan specimens are black with tan patches on the head an in the internal part of the ears and legs; they must have a tan tuft in the tail and a tan tuft in the anus. This type of color is judged in the same category as the one-color cockers. The tail that is cut short, although not in excess it must be kept parallel to the line of the back and never vertically. The lower it is the better. The position of the beginning of the ears is very important. It should start at the level of the external angle of the eye or even lower.

Dog Breeds Descriptions by Breed Neapolitan Mastiff Tibetan Mastiff Mastiff German Shepherd Groendaell or Belgian Shepherd Collie Shetland Shepherd, Shetland or Sheltie Bobtail Pembroke Welsh Corgi Briard or Brie shepherd Pumi Affenpinscher or Monkey Pinscher Doberman Miniature Pinscher Schnauzer Boxer Bulldog Bullmastiff German Mastiff or Great Dane Bordeaux Mastiff Mastiff or English Mastiff Neapolitan Mastiff Rottweiler Hovawart Leonberger Pyrenean Mastiff Newfoundland Saint Bernard Great Swiss Mountain Dog Airedale Terrier Bedlington Border Terrier Fox Terrier Irish Terrier Jagdterrier or German Terrier Lakeland Terrier Manchester Terrier Welsh Terrier Dandie Dinmont Terrier Norwich Terrier Scottish Terrier Sealyham Terrier Skye Terrier West Highland White Terrier Boston Terrier Bull Terrier Yorkshire Terrier Kerry Blue Terrier Teckel Siberian Husky Alaskan Malamute Spitz Chow-Chow Basenji St. Hubert Hound or Bloodhound Foxhound Beagle Basset Hound Bavarian Red Dog German Short-Haired Pointer Stichelhaar, Pudelpointer and Spinone Weimar Pointer Hungarian Pointer or Viszla Large Munsterlander Brittany Spaniel Pointer English Setter Gordon Setter Labrador Retriever Golden Retriever Wachtelhund American Cocker Rhodesian Ridgeback Cocker Clumber Spaniel Springer Spaniel Irish Water Spaniel Maltese Caniche or Poodle Belgian Griffon Hairless Dogs Lhassa Apso Shih Tsu Chihuahua Dalmatian King Charles Knight King Charles Spaniel Chin or Japanese Spaniel The Pekinese Spaniel French Bulldog Pug Barzoï Whippet