Dalmatians stand out due to their peculiar spotted coats, which are black and liver colored over its white background coat. The spots of the Dalmatian should be rounded and well defined; the spots also vary in size. The height of this breed varies anywhere from forty eight to fifty eight centimeters from the wichers down. The exterior line of the males is almost square. The head is pretty long and should not have any loose skin. The eyes are medium sized, separate, rounded, and the color can be either brown or blue, however darker eyes are more desired. The ears of this dog are medium sized and are highly inserted; the lips should look clean and well adjusted; the nose should be totally pigmented. The neck of the Dalmatian is elegantly arched and quite long, the superior line should be soft, and the chest long and spacious. The back should be straight, and the lumbar should be short and slightly arched. The tail is held with a slight curve upwards. The elbows should be closed and the hind legs well angled. The feet are rounded, compact and should have good padding. The coat of this dog should look short, thick and shiny, not woolly or silky.

Ideal owner:
This dog is very popular and became even more so after the movie and cartoon came out about them. This dog is very easy to recognize and they are very frequently used for photographs and in movies because of their outstanding beauty. Dalmatians are very big dogs, are very energetic and can be quite hyperactive, however they can adapt themselves to life in the city as well as to life in the country, but they do need to get well trained and disciplined correctly. Dalmatians can't live outside all the time and they require a lot of attention. If you plan on getting a Dalmatian make sure you are firm with the discipline you give it because it can pick up a lot of bad habits that will be easy to correct later on, and it is also important to know that they are very strong dogs so the appropriate type of training is very important. In general though, this dog has a sweet character and is easy to train. It is very affectionate and loves doing little clown stunts. Dalmatians have hunting instincts and love to jump, run, play and climb so be careful with this. It is recommended to crate train them but never leave it in its crate for more than two hours because it can cause it to have bladder and kidney problems.

A newborn Dalmatian weighs around 310 to 425 grams and the litter is usually quite large. At around eight weeks of age it should weigh around three to five kilograms. It reaches its full physical maturity around eighteen to twenty four months of age. When picking out a Dalmatian make sure to choose one that has a good personality. It should be extroverted and kind. At adolescence this dog requires firm discipline and a lot of exercise. These dogs have a tendency to be very dominant and can try their owner. Provide it with a lot of dog toys so it can chew on and to help it with its dentition that can last several years.

General health:
One of the biggest worries breeders have with the Dalmatian is deafness. Good dog breeders have been able to reduce this problem but it still exits. One way to identify it is when there is a lack of pigmentation on the eyelids and nose – this is sometimes related to deafness. Problems with pigmentation tend to get worse with age due to the pigment migration. One particular and known abnormality is known as dermatitis syndrome and it is a serious complication, however it can be controlled with a strict diet. Kidney stones are very common in this breed and this is why it is important the owner never leaves this dog inside its crate for long amounts of time – this happens when the dog holds in its urine for too long. It is not recommended to give this dog vitamin c supplements. There are also cases of epilepsy in this breed. Epilepsy can be controlled through preventive medication but it is necessary to sterilize those that suffer from it since this problem is related with hormones. It is not recommended for amateurs to attempt to breed this dog themselves, as it is a very genetically complicated and difficult breed – if you truly love dogs you will follow this suggestion. The life span on this dog is around ten to twelve years.

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