The Doberman has an impressive, valiant and muscular looking body. The body should be medium sized, square and compact. The ideal height of a male Doberman is around seventy centimeters and about five centimeters less in females. The head of this dog is long; the eyes should not bulge out and should have an almond shape to them. The ears are high on the head and should look small, nipped, and stand upwards, in their natural state the ears should fall downwards. The top part of this dog's head is flat, has a slight stop, and should look full underneath its eyes. The body should be well arched and should have a proud demeanor to it. Its chest is large and its abdomen should be inwards, its hips are wide and it has a short, firm and straight back. Often times the tails are docked. The coat of this dog is short, strong, and smooth on its body. The colors of the Doberman are black, fire color, brown, blue, and golden.

Ideal owner:
Contrary to what some people believe, Dobermans are actually excellent family dogs and are great house and garden guardians. Dobermans become very attached to their owners and need to live inside the house. It gets along really well with children if the children behave well with it. This dog is very intelligent and loves pleasing its owner. Dobermans can be trained to become formidable guard dogs since they are very strong and clever. It is very important that this dog has the right kind of owner and breeder. Dobermans are very sweet, and docile, not aggressive. This dog stands out as a police dog. The coat of this dog is very short and it is not recommended to expose it to cold weather.

Dobermans generally have large litters and the puppies grow very quickly and because of this an adequate diet is required and a lot of emphasis should be put on this point. If the owner intends for the tail to be docked it should be done at three days of birth. If the ears are to be nipped it will need to be done at seven weeks of age. Be aware though of the laws in the country you live in and find out first if this procedure is allowed. At around eight weeks of age a Doberman should weigh around seven and a half to ten kilograms, and at nine or ten weeks you will be able to tell pretty much what it will look like as an adult, it becomes an adult at the age of two years. If you are interested in getting a Doberman make sure to choose one that has a temperament and ask the breeder to allow you to see the parents if possible. Appropriate nutrition is very important during the first two years of its life and it is not recommended to give it calcium supplements. The owner of this dog must be firm but gentile and very consistent with its training especially during adolescence.

General health:
Dobermans were made to live inside a house, not to be kept outside or in a crate. This breed can be affected by a disease called cardiomyopathy and it can cause sudden death. It is also known that Dobermans can suffer from very serious skeletal problems. Besides hip dysphasia there is a syndrome of cervical instability that sometimes affects these dogs between the ages of four and ten years and depending on the severity it can cause slight limping to complete paralysis of the front legs. Osteosarcoma has also been observed. This breed has also been affected by a skin disease called alopecia that mostly affects blue Dobermans, however it can be treated. There are documented cases of Von Willebrand disease, hereditary abnormalities of the immunological system like renal congenital hypoplasia, and a metabolic hepatic congenital defect. Hypothyroidism might also occur but it can be treated. A healthy well taken care of Doberman can live up to ten years of age.

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