Dog Diet

We are going to comment on what is needed to feed the puppy that you have just purchased. From the second to the third month, the puppy should eat five meals a day, four meals from the third to the fifth month and three from the fifth month to the ninth month. The puppies that are nine months or older must receive two meals a day. Most of the breeds reach their adult height after a year, but their development continues. Therefore the dogs that are one year old or older although they can eat once a day, it is better to keep two meals a day if possible. For a weight of 10 kg you can estimate 650 g of food per day; for 20 kg approximately 1kg and for 50 kg about 2kg.

The dogs are carnivores but they need certain ingestion of vegetables. A correct canine regime must include proteins, lipids and glycides, as well as specific vitamins and mineral substances. Lipids and glycides replace sources of energy until a certain point, but the proteins are an indispensable element for their nourishment. Besides the amino acids and protein-based elements, there are 10 essential compounds that the dog can not produce and they must be included in its nourishment. A sole protein does not contain the necessary quantity of amino-acids nor is it complete on its own. Therefore, the dog must receive varied nourishment that covers all their needs. The dog should not receive only meat but also the remains of the butcher's shop, milk and dairy products such as cheese and white cheese. For the dog that has not finished its growth, the eggs constitute an excellent food. The dog shall receive the vegetable proteins in balls of oats, rice, soy flour, etc. The needs in proteins are 44 g per kg for an adult dog and the double for a young dog.

It is interesting to know if the meat must be given raw or cooked. If the meat is of good quality, it is better to feed the dog with raw meat. The cooking changes the proteins but it destroys about 60% of vitamin B, as well as chlorides and phosphates. The meat must be chopped in small squares, bigger each time as the dog gets older. Fish is an excellent food. Its meat does not have a great nutritive value but it contains a lot of iodine and proteins, and it is for the puppies especially, an excellent food supplement. The fish does not have to given raw. The raw herring and sweet water fish contain anti-vitamins B and can create some problems.

The milk and the dairy products do not only have proteins but they also have a lot of vitamins and oligo-elements. Besides milk has calcium, that is very important for the formation of the bones, especially for the young dogs. The eggs must be boiled in water. The protein of an egg fixes vitamin H or B6 (biotine) and if the dog eats raw eggs this can cause several injuries to the skin.

The soft-boiled, raw or cooked bones and the cartilages are a good supplement especially for older dogs. It has phosphorus, calcium and sulfur. But it is not good to give dogs a lot of bones because it can produce constipation especially in older dogs. Try not to give them bones that can splinter such as the bird or rabbit bones. These can splinter in pointy sticks that can cause injuries in the pharynx to gluttonous dogs; once they are in the stomach they will not cause trouble because they dissolve with hydrochloric acid of the gastric juices.

The grease materials are an important source of food and they have many vitamins (A, D, E). The serving for a dog must have at least 5% especially stearine.

The food of vegetable origin is an important source of energy and they are indispensable supplement to meat. The dogs must eat several cereals and it is mixed with meat. The balls of boiled oat and let to cool down are also excellent because oat contains more proteins, phosphorus and vitamin E than other cereals. Occasionally so as to change, you can give the dog sweetened smashed semolina. But the best vegetal food is soy flour and other soy germen-based products. The aforementioned cereal products must stand for approximately a third of its diet.

The vegetables are an indispensable element in non-meat nourishment. Not only do they contain essential vitamins and oglio-elements but they also produce other important physiological effects. Carrots contain a lot of carotene a substance that the body transforms into vitamin A and they are particularly important. But be careful, great quantities of carrots or spinach have a negative action on the metabolism of calcium. The dogs can not digest totally vegetables that is why they should be eaten grated or as purée. They must represent a third of their diet. Many dogs love fruit and they should be eaten in small quantities because given in larger quantities can cause digestive problems.

Salt is an important element in nourishment because it helps form hydrochloric acid that must be mixed in the dog stomach with the food in order to facilitate digestion. The normal daily needs of salt are covered by the ingestion of raw meat. But if dogs are given cooked meat, you should add a bit of salt.

Although dog nourishment does not contain water, dogs must receive enough liquids. The need of water is especially important in puppies when it is hot.

Finally, when talking about dog food, we must mention that there are many manufacturers that offer many kinds of canned-food, balls, croquettes, cookies, etc. Their ingredients are different in each manufacturer but generally they are products of great quality that have all the necessary nutritive elements for an adult dog. Certain products are too monotonous and so it would be convenient to replace them from time to time with fresh products.

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