Golden Retriever Breed Origins and Caracteristics
This breed was born mid 19th century. There are different theories about its origin. According to the most logic theory, the Russian sheepdogs that come from the Caucasus would have contributed to its creation. The participation of other breeds, as the Saint Hubert and the setter, is not known. In any case, a selective breeding produced a retriever that is active, very resistant, that has an excellent sense of smell and a true passion for water. It loves children a lot and it is often seen as a good companion, able to live in an apartment, but it needs a lot of exercise. Its long pretty, straight or slightly wavy hair with a dense and impermeable lower layer needs regular care: it should be groomed daily and combed several times a week. This dog is appreciated not only in England but in other countries.
The Flat-coated Retriever that was created at the same time has also long hair. It is the result of crossingthat came from the Newfoundland with the Irish setter, it has excellent qualities for hunting and as a pet dog, it likes children a lot. Before the First World War it was one of the most appreciated in England; after that it was replaced by the Labrador and the Golden Retriever. Later it recovered a bit of its popularity.
It performs retrieving tasks differently than the other hunting. It accompanies the hunter and under his or her commands it looks for the shot prey and recovers it.
Golden Retriever. (1) Size: male 51-63 cm; female 50-56 cm. Weight: 27-29 kg. Colors: different tonalities of golden yellow; the color must be neither red nor mahogany. Isolated white hairs on the chest are accepted.
Flat-coated Retriever. Size: 63-66 cm. Weight: 25-32 kg. Colors: black (2) or chestnut. The Flat-coated Retriever is different form the Labrador for its size and hair. The hair is fine, straight and dense; the external layer is longer and brighter than the internal layer. The hair is more developed in the front legs, the haunches and the tail.