Great Swiss Mountain Dog Breed Origins and Caracteristics

The Swiss shepherds descend from the Roman dogs. In the isolated valleys of the Alps where the inhabitants live isolated, these dogs have evolved giving birth to different breeds that have the same color, but they are different in height, hair texture, and even the shape of the tail. The biggest is the great Swiss Mountain dog used to pull from light vehicles. The breed started to disappear slowly until the beginning of the 20th century, until the experts got interested. The most popular Swiss mountain dog is no doubt the bernese dog that is different from all the others because of its long hair. From the four breeds, it is also the most known outside Switzerland. The Appenzell mountain dog, or the Alps mountain dog is of medium-height. It comes from the valley of Togenburg, in the vicinities of Saint Gall and the Appenzell canton. At first sight it is different from the other mountain dogs because of its curled up tail on the back. The Entlebuch mountain dog, from the cantons of Lucerne and Berne, is born with a short tail.

All the mountain dogs are intelligent, loyal and good guardians. They are used as working dogs to protect and make the cattle graze, but also as dogs that track missing people in the landslides. They are easy to train. Because of their beauty, they are also selected as pet dogs, especially the bouvier of Berne. On the contrary, the great Swiss mountain dog keeps excellent relationships with children. The Entlebuch mountain dog is very lively, it needs to exercise and as the Appenzell mountain dog it is very aggressive by nature and it is not recommended to keep it in an apartment.

Great Swiss Mountain Dog (1). Size: male 66-71 cm; female 61-66 cm. Weight: male 40 kg or more; female 35 kg approximately.

Bernese Mountain Dog (2). Size: male 65-70 cm (the ideal 66-68 cm); female 58-66 cm (the ideal 60-63 cm). The weight is not indicated in the standard.

Appenzell Mountain Dog (3). Size: male 52-58 cm; female 48-54 cm. The weight is not indicated in the standard.

Entlebuch Mountain Dog (4). Size: 40-50 cm; up to 56 cm in the male and up to 51 cm in the female. The weight is not indicated in the standard.

Colors: Identical for the four breeds. Black with red patches on the cheeks, the eyes and in the four legs, with white on the head, the feet and the tip of the tail, and a white cross on the chest. The internal face of the thighs, the lower part of the tail and the internal part of the ears must be red.

Dog Breeds Descriptions by Breed Neapolitan Mastiff Tibetan Mastiff Mastiff German Shepherd Groendaell or Belgian Shepherd Collie Shetland Shepherd, Shetland or Sheltie Bobtail Pembroke Welsh Corgi Briard or Brie shepherd Pumi Affenpinscher or Monkey Pinscher Doberman Miniature Pinscher Schnauzer Boxer Bulldog Bullmastiff German Mastiff or Great Dane Bordeaux Mastiff Mastiff or English Mastiff Neapolitan Mastiff Rottweiler Hovawart Leonberger Pyrenean Mastiff Newfoundland Saint Bernard Great Swiss Mountain Dog Airedale Terrier Bedlington Border Terrier Fox Terrier Irish Terrier Jagdterrier or German Terrier Lakeland Terrier Manchester Terrier Welsh Terrier Dandie Dinmont Terrier Norwich Terrier Scottish Terrier Sealyham Terrier Skye Terrier West Highland White Terrier Boston Terrier Bull Terrier Yorkshire Terrier Kerry Blue Terrier Teckel Siberian Husky Alaskan Malamute Spitz Chow-Chow Basenji St. Hubert Hound or Bloodhound Foxhound Beagle Basset Hound Bavarian Red Dog German Short-Haired Pointer Stichelhaar, Pudelpointer and Spinone Weimar Pointer Hungarian Pointer or Viszla Large Munsterlander Brittany Spaniel Pointer English Setter Gordon Setter Labrador Retriever Golden Retriever Wachtelhund American Cocker Rhodesian Ridgeback Cocker Clumber Spaniel Springer Spaniel Irish Water Spaniel Maltese Caniche or Poodle Belgian Griffon Hairless Dogs Lhassa Apso Shih Tsu Chihuahua Dalmatian King Charles Knight King Charles Spaniel Chin or Japanese Spaniel The Pekinese Spaniel French Bulldog Pug Barzoï Whippet