Hairless Dogs Breed Origins and Caracteristics

A long time before the Christian Era, in China there was a breed of hairless dogs that were the Mandarines' favorite. They have a head crown by a tuft of silky hair, the ears were almost hairy and the tail was covered by a small mane of hair. They did not have homogeneous physical appearance: ones were big and skinny, others were small and heavy. That is why the English, who established the standard, classify them in two types: the "deer" type, skinny with long fine legs and delicate bones, and the "cobby" type with shorter legs and heavier bones. In China none of the two types exist nowadays, but outside their country of origin these pure breeds have been raised since 100 years.

In the world there are other types of naked dogs, hairless, in many regions of Africa and America. The African hairless dogs have been recognized until now as a breed, and the Xoloitzcuintle or Mexican hairless dog. Not much is known about its origins but it is supposed to be from Mexico, where clay statues that represent them have been found in the Aztec tombs. This breed is very weird and it is different from the Chinese hairless dog because its temperament is livelier and it does not bark and in most cases, the Xoloitzcuintles howl or grunt.

The Chinese hairless dog is not very demanding but sensitive to the cold. The Xoloitzcuintle is more fragile; its significant loss of energy is compensated with a greater input of carbohydrates in its food. In both breeds, the dogs that have pink skin suffer from sun stroke.

Chinese plumed dog (1). Size: 23-28 cm. Weight: up to 4 kg. All the colors are authorized; one-color hair or with patches with different combinations. The most common is the blue, rose, mauve and gold. In summer, the color is darker than in winter.

Xoloitzcuintle (2). Size: 25-26 cm. Weight: 5 kg approximately. All the colors are authorized, one-color or with patches. The most common is the grayish pink, pink or gray. The hairless dogs are supposed to be born independently from each other and in different parts of the world due to a genetic mutation. Besides the loss of hair, this mutation has supposed other negative aspects such as the reduction of the number of teeth (3). They lack of premolars and other teeth are less solid. According to the most recent studies, these dogs may lack 17 teeth.

Dog Breeds Descriptions by Breed Neapolitan Mastiff Tibetan Mastiff Mastiff German Shepherd Groendaell or Belgian Shepherd Collie Shetland Shepherd, Shetland or Sheltie Bobtail Pembroke Welsh Corgi Briard or Brie shepherd Pumi Affenpinscher or Monkey Pinscher Doberman Miniature Pinscher Schnauzer Boxer Bulldog Bullmastiff German Mastiff or Great Dane Bordeaux Mastiff Mastiff or English Mastiff Neapolitan Mastiff Rottweiler Hovawart Leonberger Pyrenean Mastiff Newfoundland Saint Bernard Great Swiss Mountain Dog Airedale Terrier Bedlington Border Terrier Fox Terrier Irish Terrier Jagdterrier or German Terrier Lakeland Terrier Manchester Terrier Welsh Terrier Dandie Dinmont Terrier Norwich Terrier Scottish Terrier Sealyham Terrier Skye Terrier West Highland White Terrier Boston Terrier Bull Terrier Yorkshire Terrier Kerry Blue Terrier Teckel Siberian Husky Alaskan Malamute Spitz Chow-Chow Basenji St. Hubert Hound or Bloodhound Foxhound Beagle Basset Hound Bavarian Red Dog German Short-Haired Pointer Stichelhaar, Pudelpointer and Spinone Weimar Pointer Hungarian Pointer or Viszla Large Munsterlander Brittany Spaniel Pointer English Setter Gordon Setter Labrador Retriever Golden Retriever Wachtelhund American Cocker Rhodesian Ridgeback Cocker Clumber Spaniel Springer Spaniel Irish Water Spaniel Maltese Caniche or Poodle Belgian Griffon Hairless Dogs Lhassa Apso Shih Tsu Chihuahua Dalmatian King Charles Knight King Charles Spaniel Chin or Japanese Spaniel The Pekinese Spaniel French Bulldog Pug Barzoï Whippet