Labrador Retriever Breed Origins and Caracteristics

In the 17th century in the Newfoundland, the sailors used big black dogs that served to bring swimming different objects between the coast and the ships. These "water dogs" were the ancestors of the Newfoundland and the Landseer, but also of other breeds. These Newfoundland dogs were introduced in England in the 19th century. The duke of Malmesbury crossed them with the pointer in order to obtain lighter retrievers with shorter hair. The sense of smell of the Labrador Retriever and its disposition to help at any moment completed perfectly the work of the pointer to search and the firm stand. This breed transformed quickly in the most appreciated retriever. But besides the aforementioned qualities, the Labrador Retriever is used also as a guide dog for blind people and as a police dog to detect drugs.

It is said that in 1807, in the coast of Maryland two dogs were rescued from the wreck of an English ship. A hunter picked them up and discovered their great qualities for hunting. Later, they were crossed with other imported breeds for example the Irish Water Spaniel and with the Otterhound and thus the American Chesapeake Bay Retriever was born.

The most recent retriever breed is the Curly-Coated Retriever. It was created in England at the beginning of the century as a result of crossing the Labrador Retriever, Irish Water Spaniel, poodle and setter.

Labrador Retriever. Size: male 55-57 cm; female 54-56 cm. Weight: 25-30 kg. Colors: black (1), also yellow and chocolate. The hair is rough to the touch.

Chesapeake Bay Retriever (2). Size: male 58-66 cm; female 52-61 cm. Weight: 27-32 kg. Colors: all the nuisances of brown to yellow in one-color; a small patch on the chest and on the toes is authorized. The hair is short and thick it should never exceed 3 cm. The eyes must be yellow.

Curly-coated Retriever. Size: 56-59 cm. Weight: 30 kg approximately. Colors: black (3) or chestnut. In all the body (tail and outer ear included) except for the face and the cranium box, the hair forms some hard short and tight ringlets.

Dog Breeds Descriptions by Breed Neapolitan Mastiff Tibetan Mastiff Mastiff German Shepherd Groendaell or Belgian Shepherd Collie Shetland Shepherd, Shetland or Sheltie Bobtail Pembroke Welsh Corgi Briard or Brie shepherd Pumi Affenpinscher or Monkey Pinscher Doberman Miniature Pinscher Schnauzer Boxer Bulldog Bullmastiff German Mastiff or Great Dane Bordeaux Mastiff Mastiff or English Mastiff Neapolitan Mastiff Rottweiler Hovawart Leonberger Pyrenean Mastiff Newfoundland Saint Bernard Great Swiss Mountain Dog Airedale Terrier Bedlington Border Terrier Fox Terrier Irish Terrier Jagdterrier or German Terrier Lakeland Terrier Manchester Terrier Welsh Terrier Dandie Dinmont Terrier Norwich Terrier Scottish Terrier Sealyham Terrier Skye Terrier West Highland White Terrier Boston Terrier Bull Terrier Yorkshire Terrier Kerry Blue Terrier Teckel Siberian Husky Alaskan Malamute Spitz Chow-Chow Basenji St. Hubert Hound or Bloodhound Foxhound Beagle Basset Hound Bavarian Red Dog German Short-Haired Pointer Stichelhaar, Pudelpointer and Spinone Weimar Pointer Hungarian Pointer or Viszla Large Munsterlander Brittany Spaniel Pointer English Setter Gordon Setter Labrador Retriever Golden Retriever Wachtelhund American Cocker Rhodesian Ridgeback Cocker Clumber Spaniel Springer Spaniel Irish Water Spaniel Maltese Caniche or Poodle Belgian Griffon Hairless Dogs Lhassa Apso Shih Tsu Chihuahua Dalmatian King Charles Knight King Charles Spaniel Chin or Japanese Spaniel The Pekinese Spaniel French Bulldog Pug Barzoï Whippet