Mastiff or English Mastiff Breed Origins and Caracteristics
The mastiff is a very old breed, undoubtedly the most ancient breed in Europe. In its origins, it was a war dog, but in the Medieval age, it was used for large game hunting (bears, wolves, wild boars). Regarding the weight, the mastiff has a record since it can weigh 100 kg. At first the breeds were not homogenized. The breeding of different mastiffs was formed towards 1835 and after 1883 the standard that is still in force was adjusted. The mastiff has a good character and it seems friendly in its environment. With unknown people it is aggressive and a ferocious mastiff can be very dangerous.
In Spain there is a close relative of the English mastiff, the Spanish mastiff. In the province of Extremadura a lighter and more flexible breed is raised and in the province of Leon a heavier and quieter breed is raised. The Spanish mastiff has a good character; it is docile in its relationship with men especially with children. With otheror bigger mammals it is hostile. Its character makes him effective to protect the herds against wolves.
In the conquest of America, the Spaniards used differentof the mastiff type. Later these were cross-bred with indigenous and in this way several breeds were born, such as the Brazilian Fila, in Brazil that is used to protect the different farms, drive herds and track the prey. Sometimes it is called "onceiro" because it is used to hunt jaguars. Its character is similar to the mastiff.
Mastiff: Height 70-80 cm. Weight: 75-90 kg; it can be heavier. Colors: the diverse tonalities of yellow (1), silver gray, apricot and straw-color. The face and ears can be black; the nose is also black. The temporal muscles are well-developed and the masseters are extremely powerful.
Spanish Masftiff: Size: male 65-71 cm, female 67 cm approximately. Weight: 50-60 kg. Colors: golden yellow, reddish (2) white with black patches or with yellow or reddish patches. The skin is pale pink and the hair is darker in the root than at the tip, it is longer than in the mastiff. The nose must be black. The skin makes a fold in the neck forming two double chins underneath.
Brazilian Fila (3). Size more than 68 cm. Weight: 60 kg approximately. All one-colored furs or straw-colored furs are authorized except white that is not allowed but on the feet and on the tip of the tail.