Miniature Pinscher

The small miniature pinscher is a compact, short coated, and very lively dog. Its height is anywhere from twenty five to thirty-two centimeters and it has a square body build; however the females are a little longer. The head should be well proportioned with the body and should narrow and not look course. The eyes should be full and shiny, slightly oval shaped; the ears should be small, highly inserted, hanging or sticking upwards; the skull should be flat and narrow towards the muzzle, which should look strong and in proportion with the head, it should not look too thin though. The neck should be arched gracefully and muscular; there should not be any loose skin hanging on it. The back should be straight; the body compact, slightly shaped like a wedge; the chest should be well developed and the rear section should be even with the rest of the superior line of the dog. The tail is highly inserted and is usually docked. The shoulders should have a clean cut; the front legs should be straight and strong and the hind legs should be well separate. The coat should be smooth, strong and lustrous looking. The coat usually has one or two colors such as rich colors in fawn red, black or chocolate with an oxidized reddish color. This breed has a very unique way of moving which is very elevated, hackney like, moving its front and hind legs in parallel, and impulses itself from the back.

Ideal owner:
The miniature pinscher is a very dignified and smart dog that has a lot of energy. It needs and requires a lot of attention, understanding and needs to be allowed to let out its abundant energy. This dog needs to be house trained immediately. Some have a tendency to bite a lot; so this tendency needs to be canalized, as it can be a great guard dog. It is important to teach the children in the house that this is a dog that has its limits and it does not tolerate a lot of handling. This dog can become very attached to its owner and does not adapt too quickly to new environments or other kids outside of its family. It is affectionate and obedient with its family.

The miniature pinscher is a very small sized dog that enjoys of incredible health and it rarely has growth problems. One possible problem that can happen to this breed is split lip so it will be necessary to check all the puppies when picking one out. Besides this, big litters require of supplementary diets to be able to develop well. The tail is usually docked and the dewclaws are removed when the dog is around five days old. Make sure to find out first though about the laws in the country you live in concerning docking a dog's tail, as it is not allowed in some places. If it is allowed, make sure that this procedure is done only by a professional, never attempt to do this yourself. Anyone interested in getting one of these dogs will need to make sure to look for one that has a solid body, is beaming with good health, and has an extroverted personality. It is common for the coat to change colors. Those that are born with light red coats usually darken with age, whereas those that are a mahogany color as an adult are born almost completely black. Obviously this makes its difficult to determine the color it will be when it grows up. White spots on the paws are a serious defect that the buyer must be careful of. Very small spots on a puppy can disappear when the coat darkens.

General health:
The miniature pinscher is known as the "king of the small dogs", and with all the reason in the world; this dog is intelligent, has an incredible amount of energy, a fearless personality, and abounds with good health especially for being a toy dog. The problems that do affect this breed are not frequent, but they include Legg Perthes, progressive retina atrophy, deafness, kidney stones, and lack of pigmentation. The more frequent problems are skin related and the new owner will need to check for any incidences of them. A lack of pigmentation usually occurs around the nose, nails, and eyelids and can imply skin problems in an adult. Lesions are not uncommon; dislocations, extremity fractures, and wounds are quite common in a lot of cases. The owner of this dog must make sure to offer it a lot of mental stimulus and physical activity. The life span of this dog is around twelve years.

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