Norwich Terrier Breed Origins and Caracteristics
Towards the year 1880 we find these small and happyin the surroundings of Norfolk and Cambridge. The selective breeding changed a lot after 1901, when the breeder Frank Jones brought from Ireland a small dog that hunted rats. It decided to raise a small terrier almost as small as the Yorkshire terrier but as brave and capable of facing a fox, besides it has enough resistance to follow a horse rider during all a working day. On the other side, its hair did not have a trace of white. All the of this selection had its character less defined during a long time, so that the breed was not officially recognized until 1932. At first, there were two types, one with straight ears and the other with drop ears, and they were also presented separately in the exhibitions. In 1965, the English Club considered these two types as two autonomous breeds and the dog with drop ears received the name of Norflok terrier. In many countries, the United States for example do not consider these distinctions and are still using the two under the same name of Norwich terrier.
The hair of both breeds requires little care, being enough to put in evidence the distinctive traces. When cutting the hair, the quality of the hair can be improved progressively.
The Norkfolk and Norwich terriers are educated, mischievous and very sociabledespite its aggressiveness.
For both, a size of 25 cm and a weight of 5 kg are accepted. The colors are also the same: red, reddish wheaten, black with red patches or straw-colored. The hair is hard, straight, it has layers on the body, it is shorter on the head and ears, but it has a beard and eyebrows with bundles of hair. The neck and the back are covered with larger hairs forming a kind of winter mane.
The head looks like that of a small fox. The face is a third of the total length of the cranium. The cranium box is slightly rounded, wide between the eyes and with a well-marked stop. The teeth are sharp and relatively big, they are characteristic mark; this is evidence that these smallcan be big adversaries. The two breeds do not differentiate except for the shape of the ears. The Norwich terrier (1) has small and straight ears and the Norfolk terrier (2) has drop ears.