The Pomeranian also known as the miniature Spitz is the smallest of all the German Spitz's and is considered to be the oldest breed of central Europe. A lot of other breeds have descended from this one. This dog weighs around one and a half to three and a half kilograms. This dog is very beautiful because of its abundant outer coat. It is a square dog, and the height from the wichers and the length of the body should be the same. The head should be well proportioned and should have a wedge shape. The eyes are almond shaped and are in a somewhat oblique position and should be dark. The ears are small, triangular, and should stick straight up. The head should not be round; the muzzle is pretty fine but should not be pointy. The neck is pretty short; the superior line straight; the thorax well rounded; the chest pretty long but not too wide. The tail should twirl over the dog's back and should have an abundant amount of hair on it. The shoulders should be well-inclined back and the front legs should be straight and should have a medium size and length. This dog has a double coat; the outer coat is long and the under coat is short and thick. In some countries people groom its coat to give it the look they want. The colors of this dog are red, crème, brown, blue, white, black, orange, dark brown, grey etc.

Ideal owner:
This dog is a natural rascal and inventive. The Pomeranian can be a very charming housedog and it is at the same time resistant outside. Its thick coat allows it to live outside better than other breeds of its same size. The Pomeranian can be spoiled but it is not advised to do so too much, since it can become unsociable and turn into a biter. As a companion this dog is friendly, affectionate, consistent, and is able to tolerate and handle children.

Since it is such a small dog obviously the Pomeranian has small size litter. The weight of the puppies varies from eighty five to 140 grams, or even smaller in some cases. Newborn Pomeranians, especially those that are born really small, require of special attention from the breeder during their first weeks of life to guarantee an adequate growth. The rhythm of growth in these dogs varies a lot. In general though this dog matures early, reaching its maximum height when it is around seven months old. The color of its coat can vary considerably and might change once it gets its adult coat. The coat needs about three or four years to define itself, however at the age of one year it should already have its adult coat. When a puppy is around two months its coat should be long and hairy; at three months of age it will loose its coat and might look a little hairless; at five months, the puppy will look like it has short hair after it sheds; at ten months of age you should be able to appreciate its luscious double coat. Make sure to look pick one is healthy and has an intelligent personality and is extroverted. The owner will need to spend more time on the dog's coat when it is an adolescent so as to facilitate the changing of coat.

General health:
The Pomeranian is a lively dog that has a nice personality and is not too demanding with its owner. Many people believe that this dog is the most intelligent, obedient and resistant toy dog. The care its coat requires is not too demanding, however several sessions are necessary during the week as well as some trimming. Just like with other companion or toy dogs, the Pomeranian might have a problem with broken teeth when it is older, which is why it is recommended to get its teeth checked regularly and to brush them. The diet this dog needs is normal. This breed suffers from the common problems most toys do. Joint dislocation, opening in the skull, low levels of sugar in the blood, and Cryptorchidism has all been seen in this breed, however their incidences are limited. Other problems that have been diagnosed by veterinarians are dwarfism, hydrocephali, and hypothyroidism as well as ocular problems such as progressive retina atrophy and lacrimal abnormalities. This dog many times lives over ten years; the most frequent causes of death though are heart and renal problems.

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