Rottweilers are actually not very big dogs; they are somewhat big but not huge. It has a very compact body and its smooth dark coat with defined colors certainly makes it stand out. This dog is famous because of its strength and agility; its height is around sixty-one to sixty eight centimeters or around five centimeters less in the case of the females. The length of its body is slightly longer than it is in height. Its head is wide in between the ears and has a medium length; on the side the forehead should be moderately arched and have a well developed stop and well marked orbits. The eyes should have a medium size, almond shaped, dark, and its eyelids should be well adhered. The ears should hang, be triangular, very separate and highly inserted. The muzzle is wide at the base and should narrow further down. The chin should be well developed and its nose should be wide and black. It should have all of its forty two teeth; inferior and superior prognathism and the lack of molars and premolars will not allow a dog to classify as a show dog if you are intending to use it for such. The back should be firm and leveled; the chest, wide and long and the hindquarters should only descend slightly. The tail is usually docked close to the body, however you will need to find out about the laws in the country you live in concerning this procedure; where it is not allowed its tail should be left alone and natural. The legs on this dog should be very strongly developed and should be straight with heavy bones, not closed; the hind legs should be in balance with the front ones and should be well angled. This dog was created to run therefore it must be able to move around securely and balanced. The coat is made out of an external coat and internal fluff. The outer coat is somewhat rough, hard and tight; the fluff on the inner coat should not stick out or be seen through the outer coat.

Ideal owner:
A well-bred Rottweiler is a kind animal, a family dog and a guard dog by nature. The temperament of these dogs can vary somewhat though: some of them are more independent, reserved and not as kind, whereas there are others that are extroverted and gregarious with absolutely everyone. This somewhat big dog is very strong and it needs to be trained and socialized correctly so that it learns to get along well with people. Rottweilers are very active dogs and are very active for their size being able to run and jump without any problems. If this dog is well trained it can live inside a house and it is very happy around its family. It is highly advised to not train this dog to attack, since it overestimates the amount of strength it has and this would only make it incontrollable. This dog can be considered aggressive and is not adequate for a shy and insecure owner.

The weight of a Rottweiler varies at birth but generally it is around 340 to 510 grams, however puppies from a big liter might weight less. At first their growth is relatively slow, but it picks up speed afterwards. The weight at eight weeks should be around seven or seven and a half kilograms. Anyone interested in getting one must make sure to get one that is too big, since this breed is prone to bone problems including hip dysphasia, as well as stomach problems and other complications. This dog is big as it is so there is no sense in trying to get one that is even bigger. The future owner must carefully select and should insist on seeing the health certificates of the dog to insure it is healthy. Check the body movement of the puppies as well as the parents, and look for one that has a balanced temperament. Avoid getting a puppy that is shy or whose parents are aggressive. It is very important this dog gets well trained and socialized. Full maturity is reached at the age of two or three years.

General health:
This dog's character and hip dysphasia are two of the biggest concerns in the Rottweiler. The future owner will need to insist and make sure the parents of the puppy do indeed have a balanced character and must train the puppy right away. The owner will need to continue socializing it and put the puppy in a basic puppy-training program so as to guarantee an adequate character. It has been seen that this dog is very sensitive to parvovirus and this has turned into a worry for breeders and veterinarians. Other problems that can affect this dog are Entropion, loosening of the retina, osteocrondrosis, and pancreatic insufficiency. Some breeders have also informed eating disorders to which it is recommended to ask the veterinarian or breeder about it and to put the dog on a special diet. The type of care this dog needs is actually minimal but it does need a lot of exercise and very adequate training. Be careful with not leaving it outside too long as it can get heat stroke. Rottweilers have a life span of over ten years. Stomach problems, cancer, and cardiac problems are usually the cause of death.

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