Rottweiler Breed Origins and Caracteristics

The breed owes its name to the city of Rottweil in Germany. This colony founded by the Romans was already a center of cattle commerce in the 13th century. The rottweilers drove herds and watched overthe properties of the merchants and butchers who used to hide the money earned in the collars of their dogs when they went to the hostels in the evening. When the organization of cattle commerce changed and especially when there was no need to drive herds, the number of dogs of this breed reduced and they were used by the butchers to pull from their wagons. From this time, this dog was named "butcher dog" (Metzgerhund). By 1900, the breed was about to extinct. But in this time, they started to be used as police dogs and by chance, the rottweilers were chosen for these tasks. The breed was very appreciated by the Hamburg police and its extraordinary qualities were rediscovered.

The rottweiler is calm and has a good character. Work makes him feel happy. It is very collaborative and it follows a track with great interest. It is extraordinarily flexible for its weight. It bites strongly attacking rapidly and without warning.

To drive herds, it searches and brings missing animals, as well as many police operations, the dogs must work with total independence. If they are directed wrongly or with weakness, it is hard to train them and it turns out to be difficult to keep a subject relationship that there should be between the dog and the man. It is not a specific problem of the rottweiler but of many defense dog breeds.

Size: male 60-68 cm; female 55-65 cm. Weight: 35 kg approximately. Colors: black and tan, in other words, with marks on the cheeks, the nose, around the eyes, on the limbs and the chest (1). The snout and the thick lips must be black and the eyes dark brown. The skin of the head must be very soft and there should not be folds on the forehead. The tail is short, it should be horizontal and it should not be kept too low. The tail is usually cut short. Occasionally, puppies with a natural born tail are born in the litter but in most cases the tail is longer so it should be cut short. The proportions of the head are important: the mouth, the beginning of the forehead to the tip of the snout should not be longer than the cranium box of the occipital protuberance at the stop.

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