Rough Collie

Description:
There are two varieties of collies, the rough collie, that has long hair, and the smooth collie that has short hair. This animal is very balanced and its body is harmonious without any exaggerations. The head is triangular, has a clean soft profile and should not look too pointy or full. The correct jaw shape is essential for the expression of the collie and its mouth should close correctly. The muzzle and the width and the back part of the skull must complement each other in order to create the typical look of the collie. The ears should be very small and should be bend toward the front naturally; around three fourths of the lower part of the ears should stick upwards. The forehead should be chiseled around the eyes, which should be almond shaped and should be medium sized, obliquely inserted. The neck should look firm and vigorous and should have a big collar of long hair around it. The body is somewhat longer and it is in height and it should be firm, not fatty or fragile looking. The outer coat of the rough collie should be straight and rough, never soft, open or curly; the outer coat of a smooth collie should be short, hair and thick; the undercoat of both these dogs is soft and abundant. The colors of this dog is red and white, tricolor, blue merle and completely white. The male's height is between sixty and sixty six centimeters and weighs around thirty to thirty seven kilograms. The female is around five centimeters less than the males and weighs around five kilograms less as well.

Ideal owner:
It is pretty obvious why this breed is amongst the favorite for kids. These dogs are very dynamic and very sweet; they seem to always know how to go right along with the mood of their owners. The most important thing for a new owner of a rough or smooth collie is that they train it to not bark so much from when they are puppies. Many of them turn into incurable barkers, so much so that some owners have recurred to cutting their vocal cords, which is a real shame, since this dog is then not apt to serve as a guard dog. The ideal is to train it correctly.

Growth:
Collies usually have very large liters and the size of the liter can affect the birth weight of the puppies, which is in between 170 to 340 grams. Puppies grow very rapidly and the males tend to grow even quicker than the females. At eight weeks this dog can weigh up to ten kilograms. A puppy that has just been brought into your home will need to eat around two or three times a day; when it is young, two times a day and when it is an adult, once a day but it should be served in two portions and should be very high quality. If you are considering getting one of these dogs make sure to choose one that has a sweet personality that is extroverted and affectionate. This dog needs to be trained and educate with a lot of kindness, with positive reinforcement and physical abuse or yelling must never be done. The color of the coat might darken as it ages. The ears need special attention to keep them lifted during teething stage.

General health:
This dog became very famous when it interpreted one of its most important roles in a movie called "Lassie". Obviously after this movie, its popularity grew like wildfire and it was bred excessively, however despite this, this dog is quite healthy. Dwarfism is still seen in some liter and this can be seen with puppies that are born at a normal weight and size and that grow very slowly and do not reach their full adult size. The blue merle ones are susceptible to suffering from deafness. Skin problems are also very common, including demodicosis, nasal pyoderma, and dermatitis solar nasal (Collie nose). Some collies also suffer from ocular problems in the form of progressive retina atrophy. Rough collies that are under one year old can also suffer from elbow dysphasia, which is why it is important to get them checked. Some also get hemophilia A, inguinal hernias, and epilepsy. Make sure to keep your collie free of ticks as these can cause problems. Some collies lose their teeth at a young age if they are not taken care of correctly and if their teeth are not adequately stimulated through biting in order to keep them healthy. This breed is also more succeptible to hyperplasia of the gums, which is why it is convenient to brush their teeth frequently. This dog has a life span of ten to twelve years. Some veterinarians have informed of amyloidosis, and bone cancer.

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