West Highland White Terrier Breed Origins and Caracteristics

This breed comes from the Northeast of the Scottish Highlands. In the 17th century, in the litters of puppies of the place, the white specimens were preferred to differentiate hunting dogs, because of its color, from the chased breed and facilitate the hunters' orientation. In 1890, these small dogs passed from Scotland to England, where they were appreciated especially as pet dogs. The breeders strived more to improve the external criteria rather than the dog's qualities of a hunter, therefore it is not easy to find hunters that have a west highland white terrier. Anyhow it is a nice companion, a good guardian, brave, confident which barking call the attention especially danger.

The Cairn Terrier was no doubt an ancestor of the west highland white terrier, and the Scottish terrier as well. This dog that chases all the harmful animals with great aggressiveness was considered as a variety of short-haired skye terrier, and only in 1910 both breeds were separated. The cairn terrier owes its name to the "cairns", stacks of Neolithic stones, that are found throughout the Scottish coast and serve as a refuge for foxes and badgers and other predators. The cairn terrier is especially efficient to work on difficult-access places. Although its popularity as a pet dog is increasing progressively it has kept its excellent qualities as a hunter. In an apartment it is an excellent guardian that does not bark without a reason.

West Highland White Terrier. Size: 28 cm approximately. Weight: 7.5-8.5 kg. Color: pure white. The hair needs to be trimmed to level it. Before cutting the hair, the head must be combed towards the back in order to trim it. The hair is combed forward to make it straight; in this way you can easily know which hairs are longer and what needs to be cut. The hair on the cheeks is combed downward and later forward. The hair on the head must also be short to accent its wide and short shape. The front part of the beard and moustache must be leveled so that when it is once combed to the back the dog gives the impression of running against the wind (2).

Cairn Terrier. Size: 22-25 cm, or little bigger. Weight: 4-5 kg. Colors: red (3), sandy, gray, straw-colored, black. The dark ears and the nose are typical features.

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