Basic Dog Grooming of hair and skin: A dog's coat can be long and soft like those of the Afghan Hounds, Shih-Tzu, Cocker Spaniel, etc… The coat can be thick and dense as found on the Siberian Husky, German Shepherd and other that have descended from extreme cold geographic regions and whose coats usually have a heavy undercoat that is then protected by a weather resistant outer coat (topcoat).
Then there are the wire-haired breeds and this list includes the Fox Terrier, Airedale Terrier, West Highland Terrier, among others. It is usually recommended that these types of coats be allowed to keep their stiff texture.
Poodles have what is often referred to as a curly-haired coat and then there are the corded coats of the Puli or Kuvasz. It is crucial that anyone who wishes to properly groom and care for dog coats learn first how recognize and to properly brush and comb all the different types of coats. And the first step to learning this is to learn how to choose the best brush, comb or grooming instrument for each particular coat. Along with this is learning the proper direction to work the coat, so as to obtain the best result, whether it is with or against the lay of the hair. It is important that we also keep in mind that a dog's hair grows out of its skin and for this reason it is also good to have an understanding of the skin's functions and problems to that you will be better prepared to deal with any possible problems.