AFGHAN HOUND DOG

With plenty of dignity, the Afghan Hound exhibits royalty in its expression and an aristocratic stance. 
The aristocratic attractiveness and supreme dignity of the Afghan make it the flashiest dog and a show dog by excellence. It is exotic, with its long silky haor and unusual appearance, its oriental expression, and impressive height. The head is long and refined, with a silky hair stub; the eyes are almond shaped, almost triangular, never round or bulgy. The neck is well lengthed and not too thick. The hip bones are very prominent; the back outline is straight and the back and lumbar area display impressive strength. The tibia many times seems more exaggerated than it really is, due to the leg’s profuse hair. The hair is not trimmed, and the tail displays a curve or ring at the end; it is not too high inserted, and is always carried high. The adult Afghan’s height is about 68 cm, the female about 63 cm. Weight: between 25 and 30 kg.
 
WHO IS IT RIGHT FOR             
The Afghan, despite its reservation and noble sensitivity, is a clown and very people oriented. Many are good with children. Stubborn and big headed, the Afghan is a confident dog, very intelligent and it can often fool is, as almost any hound. The Afghan’s appearance for many is very unusual and almost human. The Afghan loves the outdoors, but also slumbering next to the chimney with its much adored owners. Consistency is the key for an Afghan education: due to its pigheaded nature, it can become irritable, timid or shy. Do not force it, be patient and firm; it is a good natured lad.
 
 
DEVELOPMENT
The newborn Afghan’s weight varies considerably; it is normal for it to weigh between 280 and 500 g, sometimes less. It is a breed that matures very slowly, and the owner should not force this process. The true color of the Afghan can be camouflaged by the puppy’s black protective hair. The real color should be visible after four weeks. The white spots and pigmentation lack should disappear before three months. Good socializing is essential, since the Afghan is a very sensitive dog. Breeders insist that in the period between 7 and 16 months is critical for personality growth. Respect and consistency is the key. Physical growth is also slow, and the adolescent Afghan many times seems awkward (exercise should be controlled to avoid injuries) and go through an “ugly” stage when they lose their puppy hair. Then it should be brushed more often, to prevent the new hair from knotting with the old. Breeders recommend at least three sessions per week. The adult Afghan easily becomes delicate and demanding when eating. In this period snacks should be avoided and ensure a balanced diet. Puppies are usually difficult to educate to be clean inside the house.
The Afghan needs a lot of space to stretch. 
 
HEALTH
Afghan puppies grow slowly and are surprisingly delicate despite their size. At eight weeks a puppy needs plenty of human contact. 
Saying that the Afghan is just a “hair” dog is like saying that a “boutique” is only a coat store! These three glamorous specimens would impress any Fifth Avenue buyer. 
 
The Afghan’s hip structure allows extraordinarily high speed movement and turns, although the omnipresent hip dysplasia also affects the breed; there is also an elbow joint malformation. Necrotic myelopathy, with a fatal end due to respiratory arrest, is restricted to the Afghan (it usually happens between the third and sixth month). Milk allergy is frequent in puppies, and the breed is very sensitive to chemicals (such as flea powder). The sensitivity to anesthetics, tranquilizers and cortisone is known, which could cause hair loss. Otitis and fungus infections affect the breed, and it should be controlled regularly. Ask the breeder about cataracts and hypothyroidism incidence in their lines. In addition to plenty of running time, the Afghan needs a social life, otherwise it can become reserved introverted, and fall sick easily. Care for the abundant hair is demanding, up to two hours per weeks, in addition to a monthly bath. The Afghan can live 14 or more years.
Adolescence is marked by an uneven growth, awkward appearance and limb looseness.