The American Eskimo which we should not confuse with the Eskimo, is an elegant dog, completely white, classic Nordic type: erect ears, curled tail, double and thick coat, triangular skull. The breed exists in three sizes: standard, miniature and toy. The toy variety is less common than the other two. The body is strong built and compact, with a strong chest, somewhat wide and straight back. The forequarters should be parallel and straight, and the hindquarters should be well developed and well angulated. The eyes are slightly oval, not oblique, and the ear tips are slightly rounded. The muzzle is medium length, as well as the neck, which should insert to the body with grace and carry the head proudly. The tail should be carried over the back, but is not strongly curled or double angled. The coat should be thick, although the quality is more important, and there is a noticeable fur collar around the neck. The standard size is between 38 and 48 cm; the miniature between 30 and 38 cm; the toy, less than 30 cm (the females always 2.5 cm less).
The American Eskimo has an immaculate white coat with excellent quality. The tail is curled on the back, in typical Nordic mode.

It is sweet in character and smooth manners; the American Eskimo is great medium sized dog, without being fragile, but not so big that it can crush the children. Do not choose a timid puppy; since it would be a difficult handle to dog. Although it is very intuitive, the Eskimo needs patience and firm education. When an Eskie wants to learn, it does in minutes, the trainer’s duty most of the time will be convincing it that obedience is fun and worth it. They are very active dogs, indoors as well as outdoors. As other Spitz breeds, they love the snow and the cold. Devote much time and love to your American Eskimo: although it is an active and independent, only if ignored and bored it becomes a barking dog and hyper nervous.

There are three American Eskimo varieties, by size. The weight when born obviously varies according to size. At eight weeks, a toy weighs less than 1.5 kg; a miniature, between 1.5 and 2.5 kg, and a standard between 3 and 4 kg. Physical maturity is achieved at one year, although the toy regularly matures before, and the standard later. The future owner should supervise pigmentation and correct closing (inferior prognathism is frequent); the nose and eyelids should be black at six weeks. The puppy’s fur is shed at five or six months; later, it sheds seasonally. Females often suffer a strong fur loss during their third summer (to the point of appearing hairless). Adolescent males often try to dominate the owner. An obedience education is recommended from the beginning.

The American Eskimo is more ideal for experienced owners. It can become difficult and reserved if it is not properly handled and taught.

Make sure that your American Eskimo comes from lines with excellent bone and joint structure – with OFA certificates and obedience titles. Specimens in this breed are prone to some flaws that affect their German Spitz ancestors, including cryptorchid, monorchid, weak joints, hypoglycemia (in the toy) and skull malformation (open skull when born). There are also cases of patent ductus arteriosis, an affliction in which tear ducts don’t close. The American Eskimo can be a charming student, and likes to run and play, make the most of these traits in its training and exercise routine. Care involves much brushing, and shedding can be excessive during season changing. Avoid too many baths, they are not necessary, despite the white coat, which according to breeders are practically auto cleaning. Try to dry it thoroughly to avoid hot spots.

The American toy Eskimo develops before the other two varieties. Black pigmentation can be complete it at two weeks.