The Black and Tan Coonhound, dog for specialists, is a trail dog that has become the most popular hound in the United States and completely unknown in Europe; it is a large, potent dog, black as coal, with tan patches over the eyes, over the muzzle, in the chest, limbs and feet. The head is well sized, with clean lines, well developed lips, but without skin creasing. The ears drop in graceful folds, framing the head. The neck is muscular and sloping, but without too much dewlap. The back is leveled, the chest reaches the elbows; the tail is long and carried high and freely. The coat is short and thick. The Black and Tan Coonhound stands between 63 and 68 cm; the female between 58 and 63 cm; height must be proportioned to the animal, which should never seem tall or short at the limbs. White patches at the chest or any other area are undesirable; a 2 cm white patch disqualifies it from the show rink.

An original black and tan American, the Coonhound is a hunting dog with a potent and substantial build.
Bred for pack hunting, the Coonhounds are good work and play partners.
Consummated hunter and people lover, the Black and Tan Coonhound is a skillful dog, and its adaptability is almost uncanny. This dog resists crude winter temperatures as easily as tropical. Although it is extroverted and loves people, it is happier when able to perform the job it was bred for. It is brave and astute and requires patient training. leash training is essential for company specimens, since otherwise it will run off in the blink of an eye, to corner a prey in a tree!

A Coonhound is trusting and sweet, and needs an owner that stimulates it to become a confident hunter as well as a guardian.
A handful of skin that grows quickly, the Black and Tan puppy seems to step on its Dumbo ears during the first months, but little by little it grows in to its size and velvety skin. When young, it won’t be as brawny as the breed. It reaches maturity at two years old. The puppy requires great stimulation to gain trust. For such a large dog, the Black and Tan is noticeably long-lived, reaching 15 years in average. It doesn’t age until it is 10 years old, and spends its first decade as an active and cheerful canine lad.
The largest concern is hip dysplasia, and the OFA certificate is an essential requirement. The ectropion (eyelids turned outwards) is probably too frequent, but can be avoided through proper selection. Hemophilia B, which manifests in prolonged hemorrhaging, can be a concern for the future owner. It is a recessive hereditary trait linked to the gender. Hunters and trackers should be careful of polyneuritis (aka Coonhound paralysis), which can incubate during seven to ten days after finding a raccoon; it is a syndrome that gets better after three to six weeks. Ears have to be regularly controlled, since dropped and long ears are prone to external ear infection (otitis).
Although it is an outdoor dog, the Coonhound is sweet and polite inside the house.