BULLDOG DESCRIPTION

The English Bulldog has a tight upper lip, and equally proud prognate lower jaw. It is English in body and soul: it is graceful, educated and perhaps somewhat stubborn. 
Begin the puppy’s education immediately. Don’t spoil or punish it – be fair and constant.            

The Bulldog is a medium sized dog, who with its short, chubby body and impressive, massive and snub head displays generations of breeding for appearance and not functionality. Although the Bulldog’s original function was lost some time ago, it should continue being a healthy animal with sensitive proportions. The adult Bulldog weighs 25 kg and the female about 27.5 kg. The muzzle is extremely short, wide and snub; the jaws are massive, with inferior prognathism; the nose should be black. The eyes are round, placed at the front of the head, dark colored and never sunken or bulgy; eyelids are not to be droopy. The ears, high inserted and well separated, in rose form, i.e., small, thin, folded at the lowest back part, with a curved front part, out and backwards, displaying the auditory channel (the ears should never be erect, cropped or in button). The neck is short, very thick and well arched. The upper outline should slope slightly behind the withers, elevate towards the lumbar zone and curve suddenly towards the tail to form an arch; this is very typical and is denominated “backward wheel”. The chest is wide, deep and full; the belly should be tucked in; the tail is carried straight or well screwed (not curved or curled). The forelimbs are short, very robust and straight, showing a curved external outline (the bone should not be curved or bent); the elbows, low and well separated from the body. The hindquarters are longer than the forequarters, so the rump is set higher than the shoulders, slightly angled and the hocks well let down. The dog moves with a typical sideways movement with “loose joints”, a rolling movement. The coat is short and straight, with fine texture; the face and head appears covered with deep creases, including a dewlap; the body is covered by a soft and loose skin. The colors (by preference order) are: unicolor brindle with a mask. Uniform colors should be bright and pure: red, with its different tonalities, golden, light gold (hay), etc.; the brindle, the white and spotted (in a combination of white and the preferred colors). Any light color is preferable to a muddy color or defective distribution. Colors fire and black and fire should absolutely be rejected according to the FCI.
 
WHO IS IT RIGHT FOR
Choose your Bulldog puppy for its bone structure, physical condition and healthy look. Avoid the puppy with clear respiratory problems, teary eyes, or irritated skin and creases.
 
With all its snoring and grunting, it is a very popular breed as a family dog. A peaceful soul, good natured, with sad eyes and that only gives love, the Bulldog loves to frolic with children, and with the adults it is eager to show its affection and charm. The Bulldog should be corrected soft but firmly – a rough scolding can break its heart - . It is a great companion for elderly people with which it shares a series of outdated values.
 
DEVELOPMENT
At eight weeks it weighs between 3.5 and 4 kg. Its growth rate varies according to breeding lines, but usually reaches it maximum height at around ten months, and complete maturity at between 18 months and three years. The buyer must carefully select a healthy specimen. The Bulldog puppy should not be fat or heavy; the eyes should be clean, with well adjusted eyelids. A loose and straight tail is perfectly acceptable for a company specimen. Breeders point out that when growing the Bulldog, from a serious breeder, gives its owner no trouble. It usually eats well, and loves family activities. Diet must be controlled to avoid obesity.
 
HEALTH
The Bulldog suffers from many hereditary and congenital anomalies. Amongst them, split palate and sea lion puppy syndrome are the most common and serious amongst newborn puppies. The swimming puppy syndrome has also been reported. Hip dysplasia is a problem, also very frequent and serious is foreleg limp. The owner should test that there is no shoulder looseness in the selected puppy, and insist that there are X – rays from the parents. Ectropion and entropion, dermatitis, nose estenosis (causing obstruction) and elongation of the soft palate (with its associated complications), but this can be treated. Muzzle pyoderma (pimples) can be treated with antibiotics. Veterinarian inform about kidney stones and other rare diseases. The buyer must select his dog carefully from a reliable breeder, and visit the veterinarian frequently during the first year of life, since an early detection and responsible prevention can ensure a healthy life. Longevity is between eight and ten years.
 
Bulldog puppies, as their parents, are not as active as other breeds. They move slowly, perhaps a little leggy, and can be easily overexcited.