CURLY COATED RETRIEVER DESCRIPTION

The curly coat names this retriever, and gives it a typical characteristic. It is a hardworking sporting dog, with a balanced and adaptable temperament, and skilled as a guardian. 
An altive Retriever breed, resistant, different, for its curly coat, the Curly Coated Retriever has a long and well proportioned head, with a not too flat skull; long and strong jaws, never pointy. The eyes are quite large, not too prominent, black or brown colored, never yellow. The eyes are very deep; the chest not too wide, but deep; the body is short and muscled, with deep and potent kidneys. The limbs are moderate length; the hindquarters are strong; the hocks low and moderately angled. The tail is moderately short and carried straight, ending in a tip. The coat has to be entirely curly, although slightly open coats are not severely penalized, but not desirable or is an uncurled area, or white spots (not even in the chest). The Curly Coated Retriever is completely black or liver colored.
 
WHO IS IT RIGHT FOR             
The Curly-Coated is good to train. It wants to do it all right for its owner. 
The Curly Coated Retriever is an excellent swimmer and collector, hunter by nature. Calm and reserved, with an easy to train character. Good with children and the family, the Curly Coated does not like strangers or to be excessively touched. Breeders attempt to breed easy going puppies that allow handling more easily. Never be rough with a Curly Coated. Since it is a fervent athlete, the owner should live close to a lake, so the dog is able to swim: once inside the water, it is difficult to take it out.
 
DEVELOPMENT
There is a considerable size variety in the breed, in puppies as well as in adults. Litters vary from one to 15 puppies, and the puppy weighs between 225 and 400 g. The hind dewclaws are removed, the front are optional. At the eight weeks, a puppy weighs 6 to 7.5 kg. An adult female can weigh between 20 and 35 kg; a male from 5 to 7.5 kg. The buyer should research the lines, if the size is important. The Curly Coated matures slowly, reaching its maximum height between 12 and 18 months, although it can continue growing from 2.5 to 5 cm more afterwards. Breeders place complete maturity between 2 and 3 years. The Curly puppies (and adults as well) are often more reserved than, for example, the Labrador. A puppy litter is inclined to watch a visitor first, not jumping on it. The adult color will already be apparent. Liver colored specimens have the nose, eyelid and lip pigmentation liver as well. Eyes can be from yellow to brown; the darker the better. Blacks have dark pigmentation (black) and the eyes dark brown. After four months, adult hair grows in. Until then the hair is wavy and straighter to the touch, still without the thickness and curl of the adult. It is a breed that typically grows in phases (mostly around 10 weeks, between 7 and 8 months, and it will probably be ungraceful when it is a year old). Between 18 months and 2 years it begins to look good.
 
HEALTH
For an owner that needs a hyper allergenic dog and that is not a “Poodle person” – this can be the dog of his dreams without sneezes. 
 
The breeders inform little incidence of hip dysplasia and progressive retinal atrophy, however, emphasize the importance of performing X – rays. The buyer should be informed about an alopecia period, which is genetic. In part it is a hormonal problem, but it is not known for sure. A breeder is responsible to provide written guarantees about it. Some cancer and epilepsy cases are informed, but it is not clear if these are individual cases or indicators of a breed tendency. This breed sheds everything at once, usually during late spring and early summer, when the hair falls in handfuls. Use a comb, and brush daily. For the rest, it is a breed that loses very little hair, and hair care is practically nonexistent. The breeders call the Curly Coated a “wash and ready” dog. It should not be dried with towels, since it can pull the hair and affect the curl. The Curly Coated lives between 10 and 15 years.