DANDIE DINMONT TERRIER DESCRIPTION

A pepper colored Dandie Dinmont Terrier, a very peculiar English Terrier breed, originally bred to hunt badgers, weasel and other undesirables in the environment.
A work Terrier, with a robust build, short legged, with a precious head garnished with a large silky crest, and with a sweet and wise expression in its big round eyes; the Dandie Dinmont Terrier has a curved external outline, and the hair is double, and with a soft undercoat and a hard covering hair, similar to the “iron thread”. Colors: mustard and pepper. The mustard goes from reddish brown to light fawn and pepper, from bluish black to light silver gray. The Dandie Dinmont Terrier stands between 20 to 28 cm to the withers, and its length should be 5 cm less than double its height (i.e. a dog 25 cm to the withers, should be 45 cm long); the weigh for a work dog is 9 to 12 kg. The skull is well rounded and wide between the ears, which are low inserted and are 8 – 10 cm long; the muzzle is deep and strong; the cheeks narrow forward. The neck is muscled and well inserted at the shoulders; the body is long and flexible; the tail is 20 to 25 cm long and has a scimitar shape. Forelegs are short and well develop; the hind legs as well, and well separated, but not so much it interferes with movement liberty and ease. The Dandie’s coat is distinguished for its pilous and brushed appearance, mixed with the hard and soft hair (2 to 1). The crest and long hair at the ears and muzzle give it an image of its own.
 
WHO IS IT RIGHT FOR
A mustard Dandie Dinmont is enough to delight any dog loving person’s life. 
The Dandie Dinmont is an unpopular Terrier breed, although it is an excellent company dog, and show – and also has a very peculiar appearance to make your neighbor’s heads turned -. It can be stubborn, because it is a Terrier, and is Territorial. It has been bred amongst competent hunters, for which it has a strong mice hunting instinct, and can disappear after a squirrel while it is being groomed to enter the rink. Education should begin early, since it can be prone to biting, resulting in apathy with neighbors and intruders equally. Never be rough with a Dandie; be considerate but consistent in its training.
 
DEVELOPMENT
The Dandie Dinmont usually is born very dark, and its pepper or mustard color does not emerge until after five to seven months. 
 
A Dandie Dinmont weighs 225 to 280 g at birth; after three or four weeks it should weigh around 1.5 kg. According to breeders, the growth rhythm varies a lot from a litter to another and from a puppy to another. The Dandie Dinmont Terrier is born with a smooth and dark coat; pepper colored seem black and tan, and the mustard have a black spotting over the body, the ears, the tail and muzzle, almost black, golden on the head. Puppy hair “stripping” should be done at around 12 to 15 weeks, to ease growth of the hard haired double coat. Hard hair needs two or three months to grow, and it might be necessary to repeat “stripping” for the correct adult coat to grow out. The correct coat is crispy to the touch composed by a mix of a third of soft hair, as wadding, and two thirds of hard hair. The puppy hair should be deeply brushed daily during the first year to avoid knotting and give it the hollow appearance. At nine months the Dandie will have its maximum height, although the chest widens at 18 months; some males need up to two years and a half to develop the chest completely. Teething is usually not a problem, although shorter muzzled specimens are prone to molar and premolar lack. The crest will grow and will turn white-cream or silver at around the year. The adolescent needs more activity than the adult, and every Dandie loves to go out for a walk.
 
The puppy hair is softer than the adult. After the first two or three stripping, the hair develops with the desired mix of hard and soft hair.
 
HEALTH                           
The short legged and long backed Dandie Dinmont Terrier is prone to back problems (intervertebral disk), as other long lined short breeds. Prevention includes choosing a puppy from quality lines, preventing it from climbing stairs, jumping, and other impact activities, as well as avoiding overweight. There is hip dysplasia, kneecap luxation, and excessive bone ossification incidence. Amongst the most frequent injuries in the Dandie Dinmont are ligament tearing, mostly in the anterior cruciate (a support posterior ligament). Larger specimens often suffer arthritis. Ear infections are frequent, for which it is vital to control them. Although the Dandie doesn’t shed, its care is considerable, and requires professional care. The Dandie can live more than 13 years.
Mustard colored puppies have many dark hairs in their coat: at birth, only the tip of the head reveals the golden color.