EPAGNEUL BRETON BRITTANY SPANIEL DOG

Smarter than other Spaniels, the Brittany is more talented than imagined, and it shares it with its owner at the field and at home. 
 
As a compactly built hunting dog, the Epagneul Breton, known as Brittany in the US as well as Great Britain, it should have long limbs to cover a lot of terrain and a robust appearance, since it is vigorous and lively. In addition, it is a square dog, with the tail docked until 10 cm, or short tail at birth, always respecting legal prohibitions enforced on each country. For the KC it stands between 48 and 50 cm in males and between 47 and 49 cm in females; it weighs between 15 and 20 kg. It should never lose proportion, and long hair is not desirable, not one lacking bone or too heavy. The head is medium length and rounded, with a slightly triangular shape, a well defined stop but not deep. The eyes are expressive, dark in harmony with the coat, with protective eyelids. The ears are high inserted and dropped, well covered in hair, slightly rounded tips, sometimes in vine leaf shape. The neck is medium and not exaggerated; the upper outline is slightly descending; the chest deep; the back short and straight, the sides rounded and quite full; the shoulders are sloped, not too separated, never straight. The forelegs perpendicular, with slightly sloped metatarsus, never straight. The hindquarters well angled, with potent thighs. The coat is thick, smooth or wavy, never curly; texture is quite fine, not hard but not silky either. The long hair at some points should not be too profuse. The Epagneul Breton can be brown and white, liver and white, black and white, tricolor or roan (in the US, tricolors are not desirable). Black nose or in harmony with the coat color. Mottled is accepted.
 
WHO IS IT RIGHT FOR
The Spaniels in general are perhaps the happiest type of dog, and the Epagneul Breton is the liveliest of Spaniels. The Epagneul Breton is one of the most endowed hunting breeds, at the same time an obedient family dog as any. As a hunter it is vigorous and tireless, not mentioning versatile amongst many other virtues; a true outdoor lover that needs a master that provides it plenty of time outside every day. The Epagneul Breton loves children and sharing exercise time with them. It is also more independent than the rest, for which it needs good training.
 
The Brittany or Epagneul Breton is an intelligent but sensitive student. It needs to be rewarded, and will respond enthusiastically. 

DEVELOPMENT
Puppies in this breed display intelligence. Smarter than hunger and more curious than a cat, the puppy will be a delight and a continual challenge for its owner. 
 
The Epagneul Breton reaches maturity at over two years. The adolescent is very active and needs more exercise. Puppies born with a long tail are docket to about 2 cm two days after birth. Dewclaws in forelegs should be removed, if any. The Epagneul Breton has its first heat after 9 to 12 months. When choosing a puppy, look for one that is balanced and compact, but admit one with long limbs.
 
HEALTH
The Epagneul Breton is not demanding. It adapts to many lifestyles, but requires enough exercise to keep in shape. 
 
The Epagneul Breton is a smart dog, very intelligent, which requires little demands as to health for its owners. Care is minimal, although it should be brushed regularly and perhaps groom the long hair strands every once in a while. As a dropped ear breed, it needs ear cleaning regularly to avoid infections. Although the Epagneul Breton is quite free of diseases and hereditary anomalies, hip dysplasia occurs in the breed. Performing X – rays is mandatory, if possible, discarding this affliction for several generations for a breeding program. Monorchid, hypothyroidism and hemophilia A cases have been reported. For the rest, natural and not exaggerated structure of the Epagneul Breton doesn’t give it a problem, so it can live 12 or 13 years.