For your information, an English symbol, “perfected” by the French, the French Bulldog evokes the figure of an educated and charming gentleman, despite its sordid origin. (Imagine how scandalized the English were when seeing their national dog “shrunken” by the French. A real life drama).

The small and sturdy French Bulldog has a compact build and heavy bones. It’s typical characteristic are the bat ears, which are wide at the base, rounded at the tip, high inserted and not too close together, erect with forward cupping. It should not weigh more than 14 kg (more weigh disqualifies it). The head is large, with a flat skull and rounded forehead; the muzzle is deep and wide with well developed cheekbones and black nose. The neck is wide and well arched, with loose skin at the throat; the chest is full and deep; the body, short and well rounded; the tail is short, low inserted, straight or screwed, never curved, narrowing from the wide base to the fine tip. The forelimbs are short and straight and well separated; the dewclaws can be removed; the hind are longer than the forelegs. The hair is short and quite fine. The color is varied, including, brindle, fawn, white, and brindle with white; colors not admitted are solid black (with no brindle trace), grey, and liver, black and tan, white and black. The nose should be black (except in light colored specimens).
A good sized dog within its small stature, the French Bulldog is equipped with a great personality and funny traits. It is a very smart dog, with a big heart, who shares with everyone. Very tolerant with children, and enjoying family life, it is very adaptable and always eager to please. It loves the family, and is very protective, for which it is an excellent guardian. It is a sensitive breed, which doesn’t tolerate extreme temperatures. Some specimens snore.
The French Bulldog is a small, muscular dog, with heavy bones and smooth hair: there are multicolored combinations and has a mobile and playful personality.

It usually weighs around 170 g at birth. After eight weeks, it weighs about 2.5 kg. From them, males tend to grow faster than females in the same litter, and also grow bigger when adult. Breeders warn the buyer to be careful when acquiring their specimen. The specimens bred without scruples are full of problems, physical as well as in character. It is worth the wait and effort to obtain a well bred puppy. The French Bulldog puppy is full of life, it has a temper and is delightful during playtime. It loves to explore and goof around. The owner should begin education as soon as possible to prevent it from becoming stubborn. Complete maturity is reached at over two years, although the maximum height and sexual maturity are reached before. When becoming an adult, the hair texture changes, and color in bristles.
Breeders have achieved a physical as well as character balance. The French Bulldog is reserved enough, not too loud, but happy and good natured. (Puppies can be seriously clumsy for over a month or two). Puppies never grow into their ears. A bat’s dream: puppies displaying their curiosity, beautiful bellies and imaginative coloring. 

Nowadays the most serious problem affecting the breed is their apparent susceptibility to cancer. The owner should ask the breeder about cancer incidence in the breeding line. However, common problems are related to excess in size and overweight. Respiratory difficulty, heart complications and back/vertebrae problems are frequent in oversized specimens. The buyer should have a good eye when choosing the puppy, and from there, feed it appropriately and provide it with exercise. The Von Willebrand disease, that affects many breeds, it is a hereditary anomaly in the blood that affects clotting functions and plaquette formation.

Skin allergies are also reported, as well as short tails and heads that are birth defects. Intervertebral disk disease cases are reported, but fortunately are not very common. Aside from a proper diet and enough moderate exercise, the French Bulldog requires little special care. It can live 12 or more years.