GOLDEN RETRIEVER DOG

As author Nona Kilgore Bauer said about her dear breed, the Golden Retriever truly is “a dog for every season”. Versatility and devotion define this breed, truly a “dog for life”. 
A work dog endowed with a rich golden and glossy coat with an extraordinary quality and medium length, the Golden Retriever displays an intelligent and affectionate expression, a dog with a perfect symmetry, powerful, active and well done. The head is wide, arched gracefully, and with a well defined but not abrupt stop; the forehead is deep and wide. The eyes, that confer the breed its personality, are medium large, well separated and dark. The ears are short and falling towards the cheekbones. The bite should be in scissor, complete dentition without noticeable spaces. The neck is medium long and flows towards shoulders well sloped back; the body is compact, with a deep thorax, reaching the elbow; wide and deep lumbar area, with the stomach slightly tucked in. The tail is thick with abundant bristles below. The double coat is thick and water repellent; the external coat should never be silky or coarse, but well flat on the body, straight or wavy; thicker hair with some bristles in the back of the forelegs and under the abdomen. The coat should not be excessively long, open, loose or soft. The color may vary bit always have a rich tonality (not too pale or too dark9; white patches or black hairs are not admitted. The male’s height is between 58 and 60 cm; the female is between 54 and 57 cm; variations over 2.5 cm over or under disqualify. For the KC, from 56 to 61 in males and from51 to 56 in females.
 
WHO IS IT RIGHT FOR             
The ideal owner for a Golden is people who love to go for walks, running, hunting, swimming and want a dog to share their life. Although the Golden spends plenty of time outdoors, it loves being at home, where it is a part of the family life. The Golden Retriever loses hair… and delicate people may not like that much amount of hair. It is mostly a Retriever (collector), for which it has to work with the mouth: the puppy will try to drag, pull and carry anything it can put in its mouth. It also loves water, but should be introduced adequately to not “dry” its aquatic instincts. The Golden is an intelligent breed that perhaps thinks too much, and worries about everything it does. This affects its education, which should be conducted with care and sensitivity. Even being a calm breed, it is active and needs to be busy. In essence the Golden is an affectionate dog, fantastic in every way, for caring and affectionate owners
 
The unconditional smile of the Golden Retriever reveals that it has never seen a stranger.
 
DEVELOPMENT             
Weight at birth is variable. A seven to eight week old Golden Retriever should weigh between 3.5 and 6 kg. The buyer should choose a robust puppy, with straight limbs; clean and thick hair; nose and black pads, and dark pigmentation around the eyes. The coat darkens with age. The breeders say that a good index for the adult color is the color of the puppy’s ears. The female usually reaches maturity at around the year and the male at two years. It also requires supervision to avoid every risk of mischief and injuries. The owner should control the diet to avoid over weight and keep the dog’s line to prevent health problems. Basic education can (and should) begin as soon as seven weeks.
 
Since most owners choose the Golden Retriever for its personality and attractiveness as a family dog, temperament is the most important criteria for every breeder. 
 
HEALTH             
The Golden Retriever’s tremendous popularity in the last decades has implied a larger incidence of certain diseases and defect. Only puppies with certified parents should be chosen, since hip dysplasia is a common evil. Eye problems known in the breed include entropion, ectropion, cataracts, retinal dysplasia, progressive retinal atrophy, trichiasis and distichiasis. Hereditary cataracts are well documented, for which an eye test comes handy. Von Willebrand disease, which affects every breed, also happens in the Golden. Likewise hypothyroidism, mellitus diabetes, sub aortic stenosis and epilepsy are also reported. Cancer increasingly takes Golden Retriever lives. Although hair care is simple, it should be done regularly – shedding lasts all year long. The Golden lives around 12 years, although some live their “golden” years up to 16 or 17 years. Past 10 years, the muzzle turns gray or white.
 
In lieu of the many possible congenital problems in the Golden Retriever, be selective and discriminative when choosing a puppy. X – rays from the parents help guarantee that your Golden Retriever will have a long and healthy life with less disease risk. Own.  
 
The puppy coat can darken with age: a rich, glossy golden color is more desirable for a show puppy than a light blonde.