GREATER SWISS MOUNTAIN DOG

As its long haired cousin, the Bernese Mountain Dog, the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog carries the classic Swiss flag: black, white and tan (the tan should always be between the black and the white).
 
Large and powerful, the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog should have a robust and well balanced appearance. It is a large dog, which stands between 65 and 71 cm; the female between 59 and 68 cm. The color should be shiny black with glossy red-rust colored patches at the cheekbones and over the eyes and four limbs; cord and white symmetrical spot at the muzzle and chest. The color rule in the breed is that the red should always be between the black and the white. The head is flat and wide, with a slight stop, being the skull and muzzle the same length. The eyes medium, almond shaped, not sunken or prominent; the ears medium sized, triangular and high inserted; the lips tight, the bite in scissor. The neck is moderate and clean, there is no dewlap. The torso length/withers height is 10 to 9; the back is moderate length and straight; the chest/withers height depth 1:2, with a slightly prominent sternum. The tail is very straight and reaches the hock. The shoulders are long, sloped and strong; the forelegs, straight; the withers, tall and long; the rump, long and wide. The coat is thick, and the hair is 2.5 to 4 cm long; thick undercoat.
 
WHO IS IT RIGHT FOR             
This Swiss is pleasant and easy. By origin and definition, it is not a guard dog; the breed was raised to pull cars, work at the stables and as a farm shepherd. It is a competent watchdog, although lacks the instincts of the true molossers breeds. 
An active, tall dog that needs plenty of outdoor exercise, the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog is described as an intelligent, king dog, an excellent companion. A little known breed, although interest is increasing in the United  States and England. It stands out in obedience and is “programmed” as a helper. It is a breed with little socializing problems; it loves people and has a balanced character, never aggressive towards people or shy when approaching a stranger.
 
DEVELOPMENT             
A seven to eight week Greater Swiss Mountain Dog will weigh between 9 and 10 kg. Character is very important, since it should never be shy or aggressive. Demands for exercise and training are several since it is young – they are mostly grateful for long walks -. Follow the dietary program prescribed by the breeder, since fast growing breeds can need may need low protein diets, and smaller portions, distributed in several meals. Bred to pull a dog cart, the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog needs early obedience training, basic puppy schooling and other socializing forms.
 
HEALTH
Socialization is the key for the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog breeding program. Fortunately, due to the breeder’s notable ethics, the Greater Swiss Mountain Dog is a confident, healthy dog, with little congenital problems.
This solid boned dog enjoys relatively good health, in part due to a limited breeding base; the buyer should choose carefully to have health guarantees.
 
The breed is prone to stomach torsion, for which it should be fed smaller portions distributed in two meals per day. The adult eats less than its large size makes you suspect. Verify the bone growth in the different lines, since hip and elbow dysplasia, osteoporosis and joint anomalies are potential problems. This Swiss can live for eight to ten years, always more in healthy lines.
Don’t run with your Greater Swiss Mountain Dog while it is small. It grows quickly on its own, so it shouldn’t be overfed and limit protein intake during formation months.