This authentic toy dog has a long pampered history in its native country, Italy, where it is known as Piccolo Levriero Italiano. 
It is said that the Italian Greyhound, also known as Piccolo, resembles a Greyhound, but is smaller and slimmer in proportion. The head is narrow and elongated, narrowing to the nose. The muzzle is long and fine. The eyes are dark and medium sized. The ears, small, inserted very high, fine to the touch, and carried folded in a straight angle when alert. The ears should not be erect, or be button shaped. The closing should be in scissor (serious inferior or superior prognathism is penalized); complete dentition is desirable. The neck is long and slim, arched gracefully. The body is compact, medium lengthed, high at the withers, with the back arched, sloping at the hind third. The lower outline retracted at the flanks is created by the highest point at the back curve starting at the lumbar area. The shoulders, long and sloping; the chest is deep and narrow. The fore legs, long and straight, well poised under the shoulders; the hindquarters, long and parallel. The movement is elevated, and the hindquarters as well as the forequarters move in a straight line. The tail, low inserted, is thing, narrowing toward the tip; hare feet with well arched fingers. The coat is short, shiny, and soft to the touch. The color can be black, blue, cream, fawn, red or any of these with white; solid white. The FCI tolerates white at the chest and feet. Black or blue with tan (confusion with another breed) or brindles are not accepted. The average weight is 4 kg, although it can vary between 2.5 to 7.5 kg; the ideal height is between 33 and 38 cm.
Cave canem: beware of the dog! Some believe that the famous Latin saying originally was not referred to watch dogs, but warned people to be careful and not step on the fragile Italian Greyhound.  
The “pocket size” Italian is ideal to live in an apartment, and an excellent family dog that gets along with every member of the family, although it will keep special loyalty towards its chosen person. They are excellent with children, although always under supervision, since the Piccolo is very small and injures easily. The puppies should never be handled by children. Due to its size, the Piccolo is very resistant and agile, able to run, climb and jump incredibly. It is also not too shy, and displays a very friendly character and rink knowledge.
Learning to walk for the Italian Greyhound is not as easy as “placing a foot in front of the other”. The mother spends most of the day moving its puppies and placing them over their four legs.  Pinkus.
Due to its size, the Italian Greyhound has quite large litters, four or five puppies with an 85 to 200 g weigh. After eight weeks the puppy should weigh about 1.5 kg and at least begin to show a good ear carriage. The buyer should choose a strong and robust puppy, which listens, is extroverted and affectionate. The Piccolo is developed quickly and may reach its maximum height as soon as six months, or as late as a year, although it will continue to gain substance another six to 12 months more. The skull and jaw growth also can continue to the second year. The adolescent is a glutton for its size, and requires small rations throughout the day for its good growth and avoid overweight. Breeders observe that the Italian Greyhound can be more difficult to teach to be clean than other breeds. Due socialization and consistency is important to avoid shyness and natural reserve to strangers.
The Italian Greyhound is one of the healthiest toy breeds, and has few problems or congenital defects. Breeders should be concerned about thyroid problems in the breed. Insufficiency (accompanied by hair loss) as well hyperactivity in the thyroid. The problem is not evident before the first year, and it can be treated with medication. Every breeder should go through a thyroid check up. Incorrect dentition (inferior or superior prognathism, crooked teeth, lack of pieces) is common, as well as retracted gums. Breeders warn about possible limb fracture, especially frequent during growth years. Hair care is minimal, and there are usually no ear or skin infections. Some specimens are sensitive to anesthetics, external anti-parasites and other pest products. Long lived, they often reached 15 years or more; the average is at 12 years.
Do not spoil your Piccolo puppy when arriving home. No matter the size of the chosen breed, making it clean and educated at home is equally important. And the Piccolo is not as easy to teach to be clean as other breeds.