KEESHOND DOG

Naturally attractive and dressed in its pants, the Keeshond smiles with charm and eyeglasses.
The Keeshond is a German Spitz, always attentive, lively and extraordinarily bonded to its owner, with a wolf gray coat, and distinguished by its “glasses” around the eyes, its collar and its pants. For the FCI, it stands at 50 cm (+/- 5), subjects up to 60 cm are admitted. It is a well balanced and compact dog. Its fox like expression and small raised ears also stand out, as well as its beautiful plume tail curled over the back. It has a wedge shaped head, with a well defined stop; the eyes are almond shaped, in an oblique position, brown colored; the ears, triangular, high inserted on the head and carried straight. The ears should not be round or prominent, or light colored; the “glasses” pattern is essential in a Keeshond; the ears should not be folded; an apple shaped head is a flaw, as well as unaligned teeth. The body is compact, the back straight; the forelegs straight, the hinds complement this angulations. The coat is abundant, with a long, straight covering hair, and the undercoat thick and copious. The coat should not be wavy, curly or hirsute and cannot form a stripe on the back.
 
WHO IS IT RIGHT FOR             
Handsome, pleasing, and happiest when around its people, the Keeshond fits in many lifestyles, at the country, city or sea. It is a robust sailor, which adapts to different weathers perfectly, despite its abundant hair. The Keeshond loves to play, and children and other dogs are its favorite. It is smart and a quick learner, although its strong temperament requires a firm, but loving hand.
Unlike many other haired breeds, the Keeshond should never have a hair clipping. If you are not willing to brush your dog regularly (and pass the vacuum through the house), you may not be the one to take on this Dutch sailor. 
 
DEVELOPMENT             
The Keeshond is born with a weigh of 226 to 340 g. It is born with short hair, almost completely black, perhaps with white patches at the chest and feet. (Removing the dewclaws is optional but advisable.) Spots over the shoulders should be apparent at birth or after a few days, and all the white over the fee should have disappeared after eight or nine weeks. After eight weeks a more abundant coat should be appreciated, with a light undercoat and external black hair at the tips. The lighter spots at the limbs and feet, shoulders, tail and crest should also be visible. The Keeshond changes the hair when becoming an adult and hair care is very demanding during the growth period. After ten months the Keeshond usually reaches its maximum height, and continues developing in substance and hair until the second or third year. The temperament usually doesn’t give problems, and the owner should ensure due socialization and education.
 
HEALTH
At eight weeks the puppy already has the typical Keeshond coat, although it is not complete. The hair in development changes a lot and requires a lot of care. 
Puppies inherit the open and kind temperament of their mother. The breed is praised for its affectionate and happy character. 
 
The Keeshond is a very healthy breed. 
The most serious problems include hip dysplasia, epilepsy and thyroid problems. Hip dysplasia is not frequent, but even so the breeder should have a certificate. Epilepsy, more common in males than females, is a concern to the breeder; it usually manifests around the third year. A thyroid malfunction  results in matte hair and possible hair loss, but can be treated with medication. Kidney disease is reported, which manifests with weakness, vomit and seizures. Perhaps the largest problems are tumors, especially on the skin. The owner should inspect the dog’s skin, especially when growing older. Shedding can be a problem, and even more skin and parasites can be prevented with careful regular control (there are cases of flea allergies). Veterinarians inform dwarfism cases, tetra logy of Fallot (a heart defect). Von Willebrand, a ventricular sepal defect, and diabetes mellitus in some lines.
 
Although the Keeshond has a series of potential health problems, breeders that also make an effort in selection have minimized their incidence.