MALTESE Information

Perfection in pure white, the Maltese glows through its white as snow coat, with gentle and lively personality and unlimited affection towards its devoted owners. 

A white silk coat covering a small, kind spirited dog, from head to toe, the Maltese should weigh between 2 and 3 kg (3 to 4 kg for the FCI), and it is a pure breed of unquestionable quality and stamina. The head is medium in length and proportion, slightly rounded at the top, with a moderate stop. The ears, high inserted, under the zygomatic, dropped and in close contact with the skull sides, covered in feathered hair. The eyes, larger than normal, are dark and rounded, with strictly black eyelids, to give the desired expression. The nose is black. The muzzle is fine, narrowing toward the tip, not too pointy, medium in length. The neck is long enough to carry the head high. The body is compact; the back, leveled, wide thorax; the chest is quite deep. The forelegs, straight and fine boned; the hind legs, with moderate angulations; round and small feet. The tail is a long plume, graciously carried over the back. The coat is simple; there is no undercoat. The hair, long and straight, falls on both sides of the body, practically down to the floor. The hair in the head can be pinned up- The hair should not be wavy, curly or woolly in texture. The color should be solid white, although light tan or lemon is admitted at the ears.
 
WHO IS a MALTESE FOR
The Maltese origins date 28 centuries back in the Malta Isle. As a company dog, its aristocratic stance and pleasant character has always been praised.

Delicate as a porcelain figurine, the Maltese shines as an intelligent and intuitive toy with an aristocratic stance. It is the perfect, sweet and obedient company dog that grows attached to its owner. As in every company dog breed, the owner is warned about spoiling it, and to avoid the tendency to bite out of insecurity or whim! The Maltese is very small and fast around the house so be careful about stepping on it. Despite being one of the most beautiful dogs, it is quite robust and resistant under its silky coat.
 
MALTESE Dog Growth                
Breeders don’t often give away the Maltese puppies before 10 or 14 weeks. Puppies are small but strong. They grow quickly, reaching their height at around eight months. Own. Annette Feldblum.

Weight at birth is variable, as well as when adult, but 140g is a good birth average. The puppy is born light in color. Nose and eyelid pigmentation is displayed shortly after born, and should be completed after three or four weeks. The buyer should choose a well pigmented specimen and, naturally, with a sweet personality, kind and extroverted. The Maltese grows quickly, reaching its maximum height after eight months, when its adult hair grows out as well. This shedding is usually uncomplicated, although it should be brushed often. Due to the narrow muzzle, teeth problems are frequent. The owner should watch teething, and take it to teeth checkups regularly, especially during the first year. Possible problems are teeth retention and poorly aligned teeth.
 
HEALTH of MALTESE
Lemon colored patches on the coat are undesirable. In the puppy, pink areas around the face will turn into white. The Maltese, despite its hair, it is a relatively easy partner to care for. It needs to be brushed around 15 minutes per day. Due to its simple coat (without undercoat), it loses much less hair than expected, and there is not much tendency to skin rash or infection. However, lack of pigmentation can be a problem. But the larger problems are brought by the teeth: inferior prognathism, poorly aligned teeth, and tooth loss with age are frequent issues. Many times baby teeth are retained, which should be removed by the veterinarian. Cavities are frequent, and affected teeth should be removed to avoid infection spread. Kneecap dislocation is the biggest skeletal problem. There are also deafness, blindness, and monorchidism and hypoglycemia cases in the breed. Tearing is a frequent complaint in owners, which sometimes requires surgical correction. Veterinarians report patent ductus arteriosis cases, which is a pulmonary infection. All these problems are under control, for which longevity is quite long: over 13 years.

Don’t be too severe when judging the mother’s hair. It is frequent that the female loses its hair after delivering.