The only Terrier not proceeding from the British Islands, the salt and pepper Miniature Schnauzer can cheer the life of any master with a bit of stubbornness but good natured. 

Although it is very stylish and attractive, the Miniature Schnauzer is mostly a strong built dog, robust, muscular and active. The coat is hard and rough, with enough length to be attractive: salt and pepper, black and silver, or solid black colored. It stands from 30 to 35 cm, and is almost square in proportion. The head is strong, rectangular and with good length, with small eyes, oval, deep, with “V” shaped ears, high inserted, folded forward or cropped and with raised tips. The head should not be coarse or loaded. It should have a scissor closing; a clamp bite or lower or upper prognathism is undesirable. The neck well arched, flowing to the shoulders; the body short and deep; the chest moderately wide; the forelegs straight and slightly muscled; closed elbows; sloping and strong hindquarters, well angled. The tail is high inserted, docked, carried upwards. The coat has a thick undercoat, but doesn’t have it on the neck, shoulders, ears and the skull; the hair at the limbs and face ornaments is rough and thick never silky. In the US, white is highly undesirable, be it a spot or the entire dog; the colors for the FCI are: salt and pepper, black, black and silver and silver and white.



As flashy and sophisticated as the Miniature Schnauzer can be it needs to be with people, and prefers to be treated with intelligence and kindness. It needs to be taught soon, so it may accept the leash, not be aggressive with other dogs and avoid dominance problems.


An excellent company dog, the Miniature Schnauzer (considered a Terrier in the US) is very civilized. It is not very frequent to find a Best in Show winner digging after vermin. This doesn’t mean it doesn’t dig…, most in the breed turns into gardeners and professional landscapers. It is a pleasant dog at home, it loves people company, although it can be suspicious with strangers. It likes to eat, and takes its food seriously. Always be careful about overfeeding it. Miniature Schnauzers and children are compatible, as long as they are properly introduced and if children don’t provoke the dog.



The Miniature Schnauzer usually has small litters, with an average of three to five puppies. The puppy weigh at birth is between 113 and 255 g. Dewclaws and tail is docked during the first week. Ear cropping is conducted between the ninth week and the eleventh, and should be performed by a professional. Check if legislation in your country allows it. Growth should be noticeable and constant. After eight weeks, a puppy should be 20 cm to the withers; after four months about 28 cm. The buyer should seek good structure, and especially observe the height and length of the tail. The color of the coat can vary. The owner should expect a color change when the adult hair emerges and the dog grows, and the spots can become different.



Choose your Miniature Schnauzer puppy from a healthy line, from a breeder that has performed X – rays of its parents during several generations for possible congenital problems. Anyone can find a Schnauzer: knowledge and patience it required to find the proper specimen. 


A good health Miniature Schnauzer is a perfect and robust dog. However, several serious problems are known in the breed. Urinary tract apparatus and kidney stones have been widely documented. Vitamin C supplements should be avoided. A specific type of follicular dermatitis is frequent enough to have the “Comedo Schnauzer Syndrome”. The achalasia, a defect in the esophagus makes food ingestion difficult, it is observed in puppies, and juvenile cataracts in some dogs. Other eye problems include retinal degeneration, dry keratonconjunctivitis and progressive retinal atrophy. Some reproduction system problems include pseudohemaphrodism and cryptorchidism. The breed also has Legg-Perthes, hepatic metabolic disease and Von Willenbrand. For all this, proper Miniature Schnauzer selection is very important, and invested time will be worth to get a healthy and resistant specimen. The Miniature Schnauzer enjoys and needs plenty of activity to keep its energetic mind and body healthy and satisfied. Hair requirements are considerable, especially for a show hair. The owner should learn trimming every two or three months, and especially, it is a good idea to seek professional help.  


Miniature Schnauzer breeders worry about potential eye problems in the breed. A recent problem known as “hot eye” can affect a dog in three or four days and cause complete blindness after five days if not treated immediately by a specialist. Talk to your veterinary about this anomaly.