PEKINGESE DOG

Proud and independent as a large feline, the Pekingese flaunts its ancestral Chinese history, and it is undoubtedly oriental expression, philosophy and singularity. 
 
The imperial Pekingese is peculiar and highly individualist, undoubtedly Chinese, similar to the lion in bravery and impression. The skull is massive and wide, never rounded, with wide and black nose, typically short and flat, with a pronounced stop; the large eyes limpid, dark, round and shiny (for the AKC, prominent); the ears are described as heart shaped and quite long, not too highly inserted. The body is short. The chest is white and well chiseled ribs. The back is leveled; the forelegs short and firm and heavy boned; the hindquarters are lighter, but solid and well built, well formed hindquarters; the feet should be large and flat with the fingers twisted outwards, not round. The Pekingese is medium sized and should never weigh more than 6 kg. For the FCI, the males, maximum 5 kg, and the females, 5.5 kg. Its coat is smooth and straight, long in the most part, with a thick undercoat, and its profuse collar around the neck and shoulders. Long hair and abundant at the ears, backside of the limbs, at the tail and at the feet. The colors include red, fawn, black, black and tan, sandy, brindle, white and particolor, all with black mask and “glasses”. The particolor should have a split pattern at the body with a white saddle. The FCI and KC admit every color and marking, except for albinos and liver colored. The tail is a long plume, high inserted, and rests over the back.
 
WHO IS IT RIGHT FOR     
Without a question, the Pekingese is very proud, it has great self esteem and boldness. No animal with such attitude lacks brains, and even without being an original thinker, the Pekingese is aware of its superiority, and treats its palace companions with due cordiality. It can be stubborn, due to its independence, and it is not the most ideal dog for a family. With its own, it is devoted and attentive.
 
DEVELOPMENT
Tell your Pekingese that it is pretty, exquisite and delicate, and it will surely prepare for battle: the lion inside your Pekingese makes it brave, fierce and combative, although it is usually tamed more easily than the lion. 
 
The Pekingese weighs between 113 and 170 g at birth. After eight weeks it weighs between 750 g and a kilo. It grows quickly and fluidly, without too many complications. The breeder should be concerned about possible groin and umbilical hernias, eye problems and injuries, as well as cleft palate and lips, and the buyer should be informed about these issues. After ten weeks the puppy’s structure can be evaluated. The buyer should observe the building of the hind and forelegs and make sure that the puppy moves fluidly. Hair care begins at early age and are more demanding when the adult hair emerges as well as during yearly sheddings, when knots at the undercoat form easily. Reds and fawns can combine colors, with a tendency to lighten when the adult hair emerges. (Breeder tip: usually the color of the hair closest to the skin is a good indication of the adult color). The Pekingese needs a balanced diet, and the owner should prevent obesity.
Melancholic and distinguished, the Pekingese puppies are born with sense and sensibility. With so many colors to choose from, the buyer can get lost: look close to the skin to see the probable adult color for the puppy. 
 
HEALTH
The Pekingese is an easy to care for partner. Its plush coat requires an average of a couple of hours per weeks, but it doesn’t need grooming or special trimming. The owner should keep the eyes, ears, skin creases and anus clean. The diet is not too demanding either, since the Pekingese usually gets by with most balanced diet programs. Most health problems in the breed are due to its structure. As an achondroplasia dog, the Pekingese is prone to stones in the urinary system and intervertebral disk degeneration. Physical defects such as short skull, flat chest, and insufficient nasal duct can easily occur in careless breeding. Eye problems are the most common, from diseases to juvenile cataracts to irritation due to the hair, distichiasis, progressive retinal atrophy and “dry eye” (due to insufficient opening of tear ducts). Breeders perform checkups for eye problems. The Pekingese can live to 14 years perfectly.
 
The Pekingese coat suffers many changes before reaching adult. Brushing is essential during the first year to help hair growth. 
 
The Pekingese is a long lived companion that bonds with the partner chosen for life. Are you prepared to buy the heart of this noble lion?