As ancient as civilization itself – some say – the Saluki was before any other domestic breed and has been bred pure since the times of Alexander the Great (329 a.C.). Currently it is still an aristocratic pure breed with great intelligence and plenty of sight. 
The Saluki is dignified, intelligent and independent. Reserved with strangers, but not fearful or aggressive. It is a sight hunter, elegant and harmonious and with a deep and far gaze, a precious long and narrow head and long limbs. The adult Saluki stands in average between 58 and 71 cm. The skull should not be rounded, or the stop too pronounced. The ears are long, low inserted and covered in long silky hair. The eyes are dark or hazelnut, lively, large and oval, not prominent. The neck is flexible and long, the chest deep and somewhat narrow. The shoulders well sloped backward; the forelegs straight; the bones prominent at the hip well separated, moderate hind angulations, low hocks and long, well arched fingers. The Saluki built give way to that light, effortless movement, elevating the body from the ground, not launched forward. The coat is smooth, except for the ears, limbs and back of the leg, where there are long, silky hair bristles; in the short hair variety, there are no stripes. The Saluki can be white, cream, fawn, golden reddish, silver, grayish, tricolor, black and tan and every variation in these colors. The KC specifies brindle is not admitted.
Dignity mixed with gentleness creates the Saluki expression. The Salukis is a sensitive company animal which should be treated and educate with the same virtues coming off its gaze. 
Only a very special person can have a Saluki, a very ancient and aristocratic breed, with unbeatable elegance and exotic charm. The Saluki moves with the grace of a cat; it also curls as a cat to sleep, and cleans itself catlike. It can live in perfect harmony with its own breed or other dogs. Intelligent and reserved, it is not too demonstrative, but is kind and playful, and loves to entertain the family. Some specimens can be nervous if not educated and socialized properly.
Although the Saluki prefers a royal treatment, spoiling it can do as much evil as good. Provide it with a soft bed to avoid callous formations. 
Weigh at birth and growth rhythm varies within the breed, although puppies usually grow faster during the first months. The adults size also varies, and some lines are bigger than other. The future owner should seek good structure and balance and pay special attention to the temperament. It is important to visit the parents, or at least the mother, and consider her temperament. Have in mind that the Saluki female loses its hair after delivering. It is a breed that needs space to grow, and cannot be locked in a kennel or a cage for a long time. Puberty lasts a couple of years. Due socialization is essential. It is known that the young Salukis is smart, and tests its owners, and it can also wander if it has a chance. A nice home is essential to form a happy and balanced dog.
The fact that the Saluki is free of most hereditary diseases that affect the domestic dog, it is due in large part to centuries of highly selective breeding in its native Saudi. Even hip dysplasia and chriptochidism is rare. However, as every rose has its thorns, the Saluki is amongst the few breeds prone to developing psychosomatic diseases. These diseases usually affect the skin and/or digestive system, and are thought to be stress related. Socialization and company are vital for this dog’s health. The Saluki cannot be alone or locked up, or be with another dominant or nervous breed. Another important detail is its bed, since the Saluki can develop calluses, even at the chest, if it doesn’t have a soft bed. It can be delicate when eating, and it is important to provide it with a good quality diet. Its sensitivity to anesthetics should be considered due to its lack of body hat, as well as its susceptibility to anti-parasite bathes and barbiturics. A limited incidence of heart diseases, progressive retinal atrophy and cancer is reported. The Saluki usually lives from 13 to 16 years if properly cared for.
Pure breed dogs transmit their physical characteristics as much as their behavior traits. The Saluki often adopts this typical cross-legged posture.