SAMOYEDO DOG

A work dog by definition, the Samoyedo ancesters were reindeer shepherds and pulled sleighs white the arctic sun blanched their coats to snow white. 
The precious Samoyedo, with its glossy immaculate white coat, is built as a true working dog. Under its dignity and attractive “white as snow”, it should be agile and strong, although its plush appearance doesn’t make it seem so robust. It is a compact dog, and therefore not too long at the back; preferably it should be strong backed and muscular, with a deep chest and a wide thorax, a long neck, straight forehead, moderately lengthed limbs, particularly strong kidneys, good back angulations. The Samoyedo is a dog with substance and its bone structure is heavier than expected in a medium sized dog whose ideal size for males is 57 cm, and 53 cm for females, with a ± 3 cm tolerance in both sexes. However, it is not so sturdy it affects its speed and agility, nor is it heavy or leggy; it shouldn’t be light or skinny either. The external coat should stand from the body, and the undercoat should cover the entire body and be soft, as tight wool. An abundant coat is desirable, although quality is the most important, it should be permeable! Its precious head and smiling expression are of upmost importance. The skull is wedge shaped with a clearly defined but not prominent stop and a strong and deep muzzle. The ears are erect, relatively small, fine, triangular and slightly rounded at the tips. The eyes should be dark, with an intelligent and alert expression, slightly oblique and almond shaped; the nose well developed, preferably black. Sometimes it can change color during the year, which is called “winter nose”. The tail, moderate lengthed and with abundant hair and carried curved forward over the back or side. It can be white or white with biscuit (the basic color is white with some biscuit marks) or cream; other colors are not accepted.
 
The Samoyedo smile cannot be expressed in words. 
 
WHO IS IT RIGHT FOR
                                         
Despite its coat white as snow, amongst whose element the charm moves, the Samoyedo is an indoor dog, since its love for people is above everything. Usually placid, the Samoyedo can also have set ideas and be somewhat stubborn, for which it needs an affectionate but disciplined owner. It sheds trice per year (according to the weather) and abundantly. Barking is not a problem in the breed, if it is well educated, but it is unquestionably vocal (according to the owners it can speak). If you work all day and have to leave the dog by itself, save a Samoyedo this agony. These dogs need attention, and can become destructive if ignored. Its sweet character and absolute devotion towards man make it even prettier than its beautiful external appearance.
 
DEVELOPMENT
If a Samoyedo’s personality and smile don’t shine like the ice, it is simply not a Samoyedo. Temperament is everything in the Samoyedo. These dogs have been with man since immemorial times and understand the human species better than anyone.
The Samoyedo is a natural and resistant breed with few breeding complications. The puppies grow quickly and soon begin investigating their surroundings. The ears are usually kept raised after six weeks, although they can drop dentition. The weigh after eight weeks varies from 4.5 to 6.5 kg. The future owner should choose a kind and extroverted puppy, with the fingers pointing forward. The coat should be thick and woolly, the eyes dark, the head wide, and the muzzle short. It is important that the nose, eyelid and pad pigmentation is dark. Adolescents are famous for their destructive tendencies and large appetite. Between the sixth month and the year, the fur changes, and plenty of brushing is necessary, as well as during shedding.
 
HEALTH
A well kept Samoyedo, from a good breeding, enjoys excellent health and can live past ten years. Hip dysplasia, deafness, dwarfism, progressive retinal dystrophy and other eye problems are hear of, but selective breeding has greatly limited these problems. Blue eyes, often with albinism traits may occur, which are a disqualifying flaw. This without a question leads to health complications. Some Samoyedos have suffered myasthenia gravis (muscular weakness), pulmonary stenosis, and other informs indicate a genetic zinc deficiency. It should be protected from sun and obesity. As a Nordic breed, the Samoyedo can suffer from heat stroke. The white hair can suffer sunburns, leaving brown patches. Obesity diminished its sun resistance and can lead to other health problems. The elder Samoyedo may suffer kidney disease and cancer. Some lines are very sensitive to anesthetics.
 
Keeping the white Samoyedo immaculate requires less time and care than one can imagine. Quality hair provides an almost self cleaning protection to the dog.