SHIH TZU DOG

Just what the eunuch ordered: the Shih Tzu, the small character perfectly dressed in lion skin, a tribute to Buda’s divinity and centuries of meticulous breeding. The “chrysanthemum faced” dog continues coloring many homes and palaces nowadays. 
 
The Shih Tzu is a toy or company classified, proud dog, with a noble and arrogant stance, and its long floating hair, its typical face ornaments, and the bow on the head and plume tail carried over the back give away its unmistakable purely Chinese lineage. Despite the admitted size variation, the Shih Tzu should be compact and solid, with a good substance and weigh (5 to 8 kg). Preferably standing from 25 to 27 cm, never less than 20 cm or more than 28 cm. The type and traits in the breed are more important and should not be sacrificed in any case based only on its size. The head is round and wide, in balance with the body. The eyes are large and round, not prominent or too close, seen from the front. The ears are large and provided with abundant hair. The skull is rounded and defined stop; the muzzle short and square, not looking downward. The neck is well inserted and long enough to allow the head to be carried high. The body is compact and robust, slightly longer than tall, not long at the limbs. The chest is wide and deep, not barrel like. The tail is high inserted, provided with a large plume and carried on the back. The shoulders flow softly within the body; straight legs, with good back angulations; the hocks low. The coat is luxurious and double. A slight wave is admitted. The hair at the head is put up. Every color is admitted, and in the particolor a white cord is desirable on the forehead and the tip of the tail is white.
 
WHO IS IT RIGHT FOR             
The Shih Tzu owners confess they are not dogs… and that they are perhaps pocket sized divinity… but still need much hair care, education and attention as any less divine domestic dog. The best of all, the Shih Tzu is affectionate and trusts everyone. 
Few dogs are as unconditionally affectionate as the Shih Tzu. They are true little men wrapped in silky hair, who intuitively understand every word and corresponding feelings. It is the toy compound, it loves to be pampered and carried around, but doesn’t turn vicious and spoiled as others. It is fond of the missus of the house, it is playful, and accepts other dogs and children.
 
DEVELOPMENT
             
Choose a puppy with no respiratory difficulty, clear eyes not bulgy, and that is not lethargic or too excitable. Show specimens should have good pigmentation and not an overly developed hindquarter. 
 
The Shih Tzu weighs about 170 g at birth. Every puppy should be checked for cleft lips and palates, which is transmitted recessively in the breed. The puppy is born short haired, and after three months it blooms! The puppy’s first hair cut will be needed after six months. The color is mainly a matter of personal taste, and can vary considerably in the puppy. Until it has adult hair, the color cannot be exactly determined. Check that the eyes are clean, and avoid lethargic specimens or over developed hindquarters. The temperament should also be considered, and avoid timid or unfriendly specimens. Introduce it to brushing early, since the Shih Tzu has a coat that requires plenty of grooming, unless the hair is cut.
 
HEALTH
The puppy hair coat is perfect for the small Shih Tzu, which can only think about playing. 
 
The Shih Tzu is susceptible to tibia dislocation, which can be surgically corrected. Hair care is the most important, including eye care; prominent eyes are prone to scratching, and their eyelids and eyelashes can be irregular sometimes. Excess or lack of tearing should be controlled, and corresponding treatment should be provided. There can be a nasal obstruction (estenosis) between the sixth and eighth week due to the small nuzzle. The affected dog snores and has a liquid discharge of the nose. These specimens should be protected from heat and respiratory difficulty in general. Teeth require regular cleaning, even veterinarian. (If the teeth are poorly aligned or the bite is incorrect, more care is obviously needed.) More serious hereditary problems include renal cortical hypoplasia (a kidney disease) and cleft lips and palates. Umbilical hernia is also hereditary, and is manifested between the sixth and eighth week. With good care, a well bred Shih Tzu usually lives past ten years. Immediately clean any accidental soiling to prevent it from eating it.
 
The Shih Tzu bonds to its owners and therefore needs someone completely committed and devoted. If you are not at home all day, the Shih Tzu politely asks you to turn the page… or to hire a sitter.