WELSH CORGI CARDIGAN DOG

Well groomed in its attractive brindle and white coat, the Cardigan has traded its long working days at the feet of hairy cows for a life of select company at its master’s feet. Own. Jacque Schatz.
The Cardigan is a small dog, short legged, moderately heavy bones and a deep chest. Its typical tail is described as a fox like plume. It is a robust, well balanced dog that stands from 16 to 31 cm to the withers, for the KC the ideal is 30 cm; the adult male weighs between 15 and 19 kg; the female between 12.5 and 17 kg. The dog seems much longer than tall, from the nose to the tip of the tail the Cardigan is between 91 and 109 cm. The lack of balance or too large or small size is considered a serious flaw. The head is refined, with a soft expression. The ears are prominent on the head, large and slightly rounded, always erect and forward. The eyes are medium to large and not protruding, well separated; blue eyes are only allowed in merle colored specimens. The cheekbones should be smooth: the muzzle refined toward the tip without being turned up or snub. A “butterfly” nose is admitted in the blue merle. The neck is moderately lengthed and strong. The tail, quite low inserted and reaching well under the hock, never inserted or carried high. The hands, quite large and rounded, point slightly outwards; the forequarters should not be straight or so turned it seems incorrect and the bone structure should not be so heavy it interferes in agility or might seem coarse. The coat is medium length and double, not hard, or curly or silky; although the Cardigan should have abundant hair at the collar, thighs and tail, the coat should never be plush or too long. The Cardigan can be red, sand, brindle, black or black and tan and merle blue; black spots are common but should never be predominant at the head or around the eyes; specimens with too much white are disqualified for show. For the English, any color with white spots, as long as white is not predominant.
 
WHO IS IT RIGHT FOR
Despite its short legged structure, the Cardigan is a medium sized dog (not small). 
A thinking an family dog, the Cardigan stands out for its intelligence and ease to training, since it loves and enjoys to learn. In fact, if it is not trained, it will train you. The challenge is the essence of the Cardigan’s life, and activities such as agility, obedience and trail are terrains where it can stand out. As company the Cardigan is superb, not only because it is a manageable size. It loves to swim, walk and any other sport including television (especially the football season).
 
DEVELOPMENT             
The Cardigan puppies grow at a good pace and don’t have an awkward phase; it gains about half a kilo up to the sixth month. 
 
An eight week Cardigan weighs about 4 kg in average, and usually gains half a kilo per month until the sixth month. After six months most growth has completed, although it continues maturing until the third year, when growth will be complete. The ears should rise between the eight and twelfth week. Dentition can cause dropping and rise the ears again (this is frequent in many breeds) and temporary tape may be necessary. The puppy hair should be replaced by the adult coat between the sixth and tenth month. After this, some shed once per year, while others gradually shed during the entire year. A puppy should not be allowed down the stairs until it is at least six months, to avoid serious injuries in the growing forelegs.
 
HEALTH
Socialization should begin when the Cardigan is a few weeks old. It is ideal that the puppy is kind and good natured, delighted to be in the company of people.
Eye problems, including progressive retinal dystrophy and secondary glaucoma, affect the breed, for which checkups are essential. There are bone and joint diseases, especially at the shoulders and the “wrist”, due to the breed’s structure. The owner should limit (or avoid) that a puppy or youngster jumps or climbs the stairs, as well as overfeeding. The elongated Corgi back makes it prone to spine problems and the owner should watch for obesity and lack of exercise, especially in older dogs. Breeders assure that despite the long back, dislocations and disk ruptures are not frequent in the breed. Bladder stones are more common, especially in males, which is detected by blood in the urine. In general it is a healthy, easy to care for breed that lives around 12 to 14 years.